fingerprint

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Related to Fingerprint analysis: Fingerprint identification

fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
Now scientists from NIST and Michigan State University report that they have developed an algorithm that automates a key step in the fingerprint analysis process.
HPLC Fingerprint Analysis. The HPLC fingerprint analysis method was validated in terms of specificity, precision, repeatability, and stability according to Chinese Pharmacopoeia [19].
Some of the most time-honored techniques, such as fingerprint analysis, have been resting on rickety foundations.
Authorities identified Todis through a fingerprint analysis. A sheriff's office spokesman said anyone in the Eugene area who has potentially relevant information about Todis may call investigators at 831-454-7630.
"The potential applications for AGI are almost limitless, from face recognition and fingerprint analysis to crowd behaviour analysis and financial analysis.
Opposing bail, the PSNI detective said Daly claimed to be his brother when he was stopped by police and was only formally identified through fingerprint analysis. Dressed in jeans and a dark grey hooded top, unshaven Daly did not speak during the half hour hearing.
Fee added: "Why would he flee in circumstances such as this?" Opposing bail, the Police Service of Northern Ireland detective said Daly claimed to be his brother when he was stopped by police and was only formally identified through fingerprint analysis.
Intended to help the bar and the bench conduct the necessary scrutiny with regard to scientific evidence, this fifth-edition two-volume reference incorporates important developments and controversies affecting lab reports, fingerprint analysis, use of SNPs in DNA analysis to infer race, the source code for intoxication testing devices, cell tower techniques, and shaken baby syndrome, among other areas of change.
Among the methods mentioned above, HPLC is the most popular method and is widely used for fingerprint analysis (Wagner et al.
Donnegan's DNA was said to have been found on the recovered clothing, while fingerprint analysis of the knife remains incomplete.
The source said the judicial police were still investigating the attack under the supervision of Magistrate George Karam, and the police were waiting for the results of fingerprint analysis of evidence they collected from areas in the building that had been looted and vandalized.
Among the error-prone aspects of criminal investigation, Koppl reports, is fingerprint analysis. He notes that studies have found high rates of false positives in fingerprint identification.