fingerprint

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Related to Fingerprint identification: Automated Fingerprint Identification System

fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
Implementation of minutiae based fingerprint identification system using crossing number concept.
"The need for secure transaction and identification is likely to drive the automated fingerprint identification system market"
Fingerprint identification on passports had been planned by the previous government, in order to keep pace with the EU regulations.
Morpho is an innovator in large fingerprint identification systems, facial and iris recognition, as well as secure credentials.
Going forward, NEC will pursue further improvement of its fingerprint identification technology and contribute to the building of a safe and secure society by promoting the global sales and development of products and services based on advanced biometric technologies.
The free fingerprint identification event is aimed at crime and investigation practitioners, students, academics and adults interested in studying or working in forensics.
Fingerprint ID Linde Gases' automated latent mark visualization system, the ADROIT FC 300, is a significant leap forward in fingerprint identification technology.
Initially, the facility will be used to support the National Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS) in Canberra.
Summary: ABU DHABI - Morpho (Safran group) has announced that its fingerprint identification technology's special product, being used by the Emirates Identity Authority, has come first worldwide for the second successive time.
The FBI Hostage Rescue Team realized they needed a more portable fingerprint identification tool than the 20-pound laptop computer and fingerprint scanner that they lugged around.
The local biometrics technology company is creating new, more accurate fingerprint identification software after receiving grants for research and development (GRD) from regional development agency Advantage West Midlands.
A Warwickshire biometrics technology company is developing new, more accurate fingerprint identification software after receiving grants for research and development (GRD) from regional development agency Advantage West Midlands.