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The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.


(Burn), verb conflagrate, deflagrate, heat, ignite, incandesce, inflame, kindle, light, scorch, singe, warm
Associated concepts: Fire Act, Firefighter's Rule, Fireman's Rule


(Discharge), verb depose, dismiss, expel, lay off, remove, stimulate, terminate, torrefy


(Stimulate), verb animate, arouse, electrify, enliven, excite, foster, goad, incite, inspirit, quicken, rouse, spur, stir
See also: ardor, barrage, burn, conflagration, deflagrate, depose, discharge, dismiss, foment, life, passion, provoke, remove, spirit, stimulate, supplant
References in periodicals archive ?
The FireWire 800 interface is backward compatible with existing 100, 200 and 400 Mbps FireWire peripherals.
0 connectivity for up to 480 Mb/s data transfer or FireWire for up to 408 Mb/s.
The VXA-1 FireWire includes the translucent external VXA-1 tape drive, FireWire cable, 66GB VXAtape V17 cartridge, cleaning cartridge, power cord (US and Canadian), SCSI terminator, documentation, and Dantz Retrospect backup software.
The Professional UDMA FireWire 800 Reader will be available in April for the suggested retail price of $79.
Tape systems weren't as in-your-face as disk systems at Macworld; but Ecrix offered attendees its $1,199 VXA-l FireWire drives which accommodate native tape capacities up to 33GB.
The MCE DataShuttle Xtreme, when used with the FireWire attachment cable, becomes a high-performance FireWire hard drive capable of handling even the most data-intensive applications .
FireWire 2 Go consists of a Type II card, a PC Card to FireWire dongle and an eight-foot 4-pin to 6-pin FireWire adapter cable (for DV cameras and camcorders).
By harnessing FireWire's characteristically high line power capacity, the LaCie FireWire Speakers produce a minimum 8W output and as a consequence, achieve a deeper, richer sound than possible from limited 2W USB speakers.
0 interface to that of a PC where FireWire must be added via a card installation.
Triple Interface: FireWire 400, FireWire 800 & USB 2.
The vast majority of all FireWire audio interfaces ever sold in professional and semi-professional audio equipment use BridgeCo's BeBoB platform.
The FireWire interface is a real revolution for musicians," explained guitar innovator and craftsman Rolf Spuler, developer of the world's first FireWire guitar.