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The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Several Macworld exhibitors, including LaCie and Formac, were offering DVD-RAM drives in portable configurations (La Cie's FireWire drive, for example, retails for $749).
Administrators should also understand that by the time you add a Firewire card and video editing software to a PC, you will have outspent the cost of a Mac.
Color Management With MonacoEZcolor -- Artist, Pro and Pro FireWire Models
"Apple's FireWire is the connection standard that lets developers create hardware and software solutions for the Mac," said Clent Richardson, Apple's vice president of worldwide developer relations.
The author also claims that relative to USE 2.0, FireWire cannot provide "Ease of installation," "hot plug and play," "cross platform compatibility," or "portability." Again, one wonders exactly what "special" definitions the author intended for these terms when the article was written.
Maxtor has also announced that its Maxtor OneTouch III solution with a triple FireWire 800/FireWire 400/USB 2.0 interface, was selected as a CES (Consumer Electronics Show) 2006 Innovations Design and Engineering Honoree in the Computer Accessories category.
Initio entered the FireWire I/O market in 2000, with its first fully functional single-chip controllers and has since expanded the line for a broad range of storage and consumer applications.
Apple Computer Inc is considering charging royalties for FireWire, the high performance serial bus adopted as industry standard IEEE 1394, according to reports quoting sources at the 1394 Trade Association.
The RES-150, starting at $5,499, is powered by an Intel Pentium 4 3GHz processor with Hyper-Threading Technology, 1GB of DDR memory, a 40GB system drive and a 160GB disk array (for more than 10 hours of storage), an NVIDIA GeForce4 dual-monitor capable video card, a Pioneer DVD-R/RW drive and an ADS Tech PYRO three-port FireWire card to allow capture from three cameras simultaneously.
VXA-2 with FireWire is capable of storing 160GB of information and has a transfer rate of 6MB/s.
Apple Computer Inc reports that over 20 new Firewire (or IEEE 1394) enabled devices were introduced at last week's MacWorld event in San Francisco.
* Model Distribution: If a model is too complex to be computed within the time step, RT-LAB allows the model to be distributed over several processors, automatically handling the inter-processor communication through TCP/IP, FireWire or Shared Memory.