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1) n. a person who is not a citizen of the country. 2) in the United States any person born in another country to parents who are not American and who has not become a naturalized citizen. There are resident aliens officially permitted to live in the country and illegal aliens who have sneaked into the country or stayed beyond the time allowed on a visa. 3) v. to convey title to property.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a person who is not a British citizen, a Commonwealth citizen, a BRITISH PROTECTED person or a citizen of the Republic of Ireland.

At common law, a distinction is drawn between friendly aliens and enemy aliens, with the latter comprising not only citizens of hostile states but also all others voluntarily living in enemy territory or carrying on business there; enemy aliens are subject to additional disabilities.

Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

ALIEN, persons. One born out of the jurisdiction of the United States, who has not since been naturalized under their constitution and laws. To this there are some exceptions, as this children of the ministers of the United States in foreign courts. See Citizen, Inhabitant.
     2. Aliens are subject to disabilities, have rights, and are bound to perform duties, which will be briefly considered. 1. Disabilities. An alien cannot in general acquire title to real estate by the descent, or by other mere operation of law; and if he purchase land, he may be divested of the fee, upon an inquest of office found. To this general rule there are statutory exceptions in some of the states; in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Louisiana, New Jersey, Rev. Laws, 604, and Michigan, Rev. St. 266, s. 26, the disability has been removed; in North Carolina, (but see Mart. R. 48; 3 Dev. R. 138; 2 Hayw. 104, 108; 3 Murph. 194; 4 Dev. 247; Vermont and Virginia, by constitutional provision; and in Alabama, 3 Stew R. 60; Connecticut, act of 1824, Stat. tit. Foreigners, 251; Indiana, Rev. Code, a. 3, act of January 25, 1842; Illinois, Kentucky, 1 Litt. 399; 6 Mont. 266 Maine, Rev. St,. tit. 7, c. 93, s. 5 Maryland, act of 1825, ch. 66; 2 Wheat. 259; and Missouri, Rev. Code, 1825, p. 66, by statutory provision it is partly so.
     3. An alien, even after being naturalized, is ineligible to the office of president of the United States; and in some states, as in New York, to that of governor; he cannot be a member of congress, till the expiration of seven years after his naturalization. An alien can exercise no political rights whatever; he cannot therefore vote at any political election, fill any office, or serve as a juror. 6 John. R. 332.
     4.-2. An alien has a right to acquire personal estate, make and enforce contracts in relation to the same - he is protected from injuries, and wrongs, to his person and property, his relative rights and character; he may sue and be sued.
     5.-3. He owes a temporary local allegiance, and his property is liable to taxation. Aliens are either alien friends or alien enemies. It is only alien friends who have the rights above enumerated; alien enemies are incapable, during the existence of war to sue, and may be ordered out of the country. See generally, 2 Kent. Com. 43 to 63; 1 Vin. Ab. 157; 13 Vin. ab. 414; Bac. Ab. h.t.; 1 Saund. 8, n.2; Wheat. Dig. h.t.; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another tax form that provides information about withholding on foreign persons' U.S.
In response to this mandate, the Senate's Commissions of Human Rights, Gobernacion, Justice, and Legislative Studies discussed said Reglementary Act (Ley Reglamentaria) whose object is "[T]o regulate the procedure through which the federal Executive shall exercise the power to expel from the national territory foreign persons who, legally found within the national territory, incur in some of the situations contemplated by the Constitution." (140) In its Communique, the Senate indicated that:
[section] 120.9 (assistance to foreign persons in the design, development, engineering, manufacture, assembly, production, testing, repair, maintenance, modification, operation, demilitarization, destruction processing, or use of defense articles).
First, because of the broad definition of what constitutes a USRPI under the [section]897 regulations, it would not have been much of a stretch for the IRS to contend that a foreign person's long position in a swap that is tied to U.S.
Therefore, the mere fact that a foreign person owns USRPI does not trigger any negative tax consequences under IRC section 897.
Under the ITAR, an "export" includes not only physically taking a defense article out of the United States but also disclosing (including oral or visual disclosure) or transferring technical data to a foreign person, whether in the U.S.
Another element that was not addressed in the article is that export laws apply to all "foreign persons," including "U.S.
persons cannot even refer prohibited business to foreign persons not subject to the sanctions.
In spite of these issues, foreign persons often do take title to U.S.
The two most important studies of this type are prepared annually and cover the activities of domestic corporations controlled by foreign persons and foreign corporations with income derived from U.S.
KARACHI -- The Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) has allowed an increase in the limit applicable on foreign persons or institutions for acquiring or holding Pakistan Stock Exchange shares to 20 per cent of the bourse's total issued share capital.

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