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The gradual loss of geminate consonants at the beginning of the Middle English period allowed Orm to extend the use of <CC> digraphs to marking vowel shortness not only in final position, but also in/VCCV/and /VCV/environments.
This is because the so called geminate consonants in OD result from the elision of a high vowel in between two identical consonants.
On the other hand, some other scholars differentiate between long consonants and geminate consonants and believe that main characteristic of geminates is that their articulation extends over two syllables.
The loan word jakk 'jack' in the first metrical representation is bimoraic given that geminate consonants are moraic and therefore the foot parse accomplishes to produce the heavy syllable jak.
In a study of Finnish children acquiring geminate consonants Vihman and Velleman (2000) were surprised to find that the second most common child phonological pattern (after consonant harmony) was "no onset" (31%, both selected and adapted)--a pattern considered to be a mark of deviant phonology in English (see also Savinainen-Makkonen 2000).
Long vowels are transcribed V by some writers, VV by others, and V: by still others; similarly, geminate consonants are transcribed either CC or C:.
Like other Finnic languages, Ingrian originally had a binary opposition of single and geminate consonants (Viitso 1997 : 226--227).
Vowels other than e muet may also be deleted in colloquial speech, creating geminate consonants, as in