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On the other hand, some other scholars differentiate between long consonants and geminate consonants and believe that main characteristic of geminates is that their articulation extends over two syllables.
Examples of words where geminate consonants appear in Fula, as given in Paradis (1992: 171), are shown below.
The analysed text obviously also contains items in which <CC> digraphs originally represented final geminate consonants. As by the Late Old English period the phonetic contrast between geminate (long) and single (short) consonants in final position had been probably lost altogether, and <CC> digraphs acquired a new function in this position, the consonant digraphs in e.g.
Since geminate consonants are moraic (Hayes 1989; Watson 2002; Davis 2011), they add to the weight of the word and make it eligible to receive stress, as in: jakk < jaek 'jack', blikk < blpk 'block', dimm < dim 'dim', sill < sil 'shell'.
Like other Finnic languages, Ingrian originally had a binary opposition of single and geminate consonants (Viitso 1997 : 226--227).
Vowels other than e muet may also be deleted in colloquial speech, creating geminate consonants, as in
There are geminate consonants in the language, but for several reasons, we have decided that this does not constitute evidence for contrastive quantity.