transfer

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Related to Gene transfer: gene therapy, vertical gene transfer

Transfer

To remove or convey from one place or person to another. The removal of a case from one court to another court within the same system where it might have been instituted. An act of the parties, or of the law, by which the title to property is conveyed from one person to another.

Transfer encompasses the sale and every other method, direct or indirect, of (1) disposing of property or an interest therein or possession thereof; or (2) fixing a lien (a charge against property to secure a debt) absolutely or conditionally, voluntarily or involuntarily, with or without judicial proceedings, in the form of a conveyance, sale, payment, pledge, lien, mortgage, gift, or otherwise. The term transfer has a general meaning and can include the act of giving property by will.

Transfer is the comprehensive term used by the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)—a body of law adopted by the states that governs mercantile transactions—to describe the act that passes an interest in an instrument (a written legal document) from one person to another.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

transfer

n. 1) the movement of property from one person or entity to another. 2) passage of title to property from the owner to another person. 3) a piece of paper given to allow a person or shipment to continue travel.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

transfer

to make over to another rights in or interests over property; sometimes the term is used as a noun to denote the instrument by which this is effected.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

TRANSFER, cont. The act by which the owner of a thing delivers it to another person, with the intent of passing the rights which he has in it to the latter.
     2. It is a rule founded on the plainest dictates of common sense, adopted in all systems of law, that no one can transfer a right to another which he has not himself: nemo plus juris ad alienum transfers potest quam ipse habet. Dig. 50, 17, 54 10 Pet. 161, 175; Co. Litt. 305.
     3. To transfer means to change; for example, one may transfer a legacy, either, 1st. By the change of the person of the legatee, as, I bequeath to Primus a horse which I before bequeathed to Secundus. 2d. By the change of the thing bequeathed, as, I bequeath to Tertius my History of the United States instead of my copy of the Life of Washington. 3d. By the change of the person who was bound to pay the legacy, as, I direct that the sun) of one hundred dollars, which I directed should be charged upon my house which I gave to Quartus, shall be paid by my executors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Toluidine staining showed that OPG gene transfer also effectively protected against the articular cartilage erosions and preserved the joint space and overall architectures (Figure 3).
This study showing a higher level of gene transfer in the reef environment than previously known has the potential to help scientists understand how DNA is being transferred and whether transfers help reefs adapt to environmental challenges.
This game-based activity models horizontal gene transfer in action and illustrates some of its main concepts, acting as a starting point for discussion.
There are various indications that some prominent stem cell researchers have not fully absorbed gene transfer's cautionary lessons.
Efficient production by sperm-mediated gene transfer of human decay accelerating factor (hDAF) transgenic pigs for xenotransplantation.
(30) Philippe and Forterre (31) demonstrated that the phylogenies were highly confusing due to the combining effects of gene duplication, gene loss, lateral gene transfer, and tree reconstruction artifacts.
KEY WORDS: polyethylenimine, gene transfer, microinjection, sperm, abalone, Haliotis discus hannai
Despite these successes, we have a lot to learn about developing methods for gene transfer. We also face problems in developing both viral and nonviral gene delivery methods.
Yet, as far back as 2000, the ASGT policy noted, "An extreme case would be that of a clinical reagent, be it a small molecule, a protein or a gene transfer vector, that is manufactured by a company wholly or partly owned by the Principal Investigator conducting the trial The guiding principle is clear: Clinical investigators must be able to design and carry out clinical research studies in an objective and unbiased manner, free from conflicts caused by significant financial involvement with the commercial sponsors of the study."
Horizontal gene transfer to other soil bacteria and microevolution of plasmids was observed.
The scientists plan to introduce the gene encoding human alpha interferon into Brassica, an edible crop plant, using a novel and proprietary gene transfer method.
If the gene-encoding FCP is located in the slug DNA, a horizontal gene transfer between algal and slug nuclei must have occurred.