General Jurisdiction

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General Jurisdiction

The legal authority of a court to entertain whatever type of case comes up within the geographical area over which its power extends.

General jurisdiction differs from special or limited jurisdiction, which is the power of a court to hear only certain types of cases, or those in which the amount in controversy is below a certain sum or that is subject to exceptions.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The administration of private justice between the citizens of the same State, the supervision of agriculture and of other concerns of a similar nature, all those things, in short, which are proper to be provided for by local legislation, can never be desirable cares of a general jurisdiction. It is therefore improbable that there should exist a disposition in the federal councils to usurp the powers with which they are connected; because the attempt to exercise those powers would be as troublesome as it would be nugatory; and the possession of them, for that reason, would contribute nothing to the dignity, to the importance, or to the splendor of the national government.
Regarding the military tribunals, the Article 37 of the document states that "although the general jurisdiction of the judiciary, military courts may be established for the armed forces, the Rapid Support Forces, the police forces and the General Intelligence Service to try their staffs for violations of military laws, with the exception of crimes against civilians or on the rights of civilians, which are the jurisdiction of the ordinary courts of justice
Also known as the 'World Court', it is the only court of a universal character with general jurisdiction.
The court of general jurisdiction of Yerevan made a decision to arrest the second president of Armenia, Robert Kocharian, for two months in the case of the events of March 1, 2008, on the night of July 28.
As such, in Bjorkland, the court found the state improperly sought certiorari review when appellate review was available because the underlying jurisdiction was based on the circuit court's ability to review a non-final order on appeal instead of the district court of appeals general jurisdiction to hear such an appeal.
If a defendant is subject to general jurisdiction in New York, it may be sued in New York regardless of whether the plaintiff's claims have anything to do with the defendant's New York contacts.
It is likely to have the broad outlook of a court of general jurisdiction. Cases which are now cognizable by municipal trial courts, like unlawful detainer cases, will be brought to it if they involve constitutional questions.
Where there are concurrent proceedings in the enforcement of a foreign judgment (such as the English High Court) the "Dubai Courts are the competent Courts to entertain this case because they have general jurisdiction embodied in the procedural laws" (Judicial Committee Cassation No.
Gulf filed suit in Massachusetts against BP Products North America for tortious interference with contract and advantageous business relations or business expectancy and civil conspiracy.<br />O'Toole noted that while at one point BP's "sizable economic presence in Massachusetts" alone may have formed the basis for a plausible case for exercising general jurisdiction over it, that situation changed in 2014 with the U.S.
Bauman, (3) the Court used cases against alien defendants to limit general jurisdiction to those forums in which the defendant is essentially "at home"--for a corporation, its place of incorporation and its principal place of business.

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