carrier

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carrier

n. in general, any person or business which transports property or people by any means of conveyance (truck, auto, taxi, bus, airplane, railroad, ship), almost always for a charge. The carrier is the transportation system and not the owner or operator of the system. There are two types of carriers: common carrier (in the regular business or a public utility of transportation) and a private carrier (a party not in the business, but agrees to make a delivery or carry a passenger in a specific instance). Regular transportation systems are regulated by states and by the Interstate Commerce Commission if they cross state lines. (See: common carrier, private carrier)

carrier

see COMMON CARRIER, CARRIAGE BY ROAD.
References in periodicals archive ?
"This law corrects the problem of allowing gestational carrier arrangements to take place in New Jersey without legal protection for the parties, including the gestational carrier," said Melissa Brisman, a New Jersey-based reproductive attorney, who assisted with the drafting of the this law.
Since we implanted my fertilized egg in our gestational carrier, our baby is biologically mine and Kanye's.
Finally, the ever-popular diagnostic code for Rho(D) immunization is back, and 2 codes have been added for a gestational carrier and 1 for a family history of sudden infant death syndrome.
In Nishmat Avraham, Even Ha'Ezer 1:6, note 11, three major poskim were asked their opinion as to who is the mother in the case of a gestational carrier. While offering reservations about the de jure permissibility of the procedure, both Rabbi Shlomo Yosef Eliashiv and Rabbi Eliezer Waldenberg stated that de facto the mother would be considered the woman who delivered the child.
(21) The first is known as "gestational carrier surrogacy" where a woman provides her womb and carries a child, biologically unrelated to her, to full-term.
must give a clear message that the proper route to obtaining a genetically non-related child is through adoption." (39) This perspective, when removed from the context of surrogacy, would prevent a married couple from using donated gametes (eggs and sperm) to conceive and carry a child without the service of a gestational carrier. The logical extension of this perspective is that all assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures involving donor gametes should be rationed according to the supply of adoptive children; that those who are unable to have children "naturally" must forego their reproductive choice until all available adoptive children are placed.
The FBI investigated the scheme after receiving complaints from gestational carriers and others, said Special Agent Darrell Foxworth, an FBI spokesman.
(42) Conversely, others argue that gestation is the most significant element of birth and the gestational carrier should be the labeled as "mother." (43) Lastly, others advocate a "best interest of the child" standard as being the leading factor in determining which woman should be the child's "mother." (44) There has also been the unique idea of dual motherhood where both women are considered "mother" of the child.
(4) Two sections of the Uniform Probate Code apply to our hypothetical: [section] 2-120 covers assisted reproduction that does not involve a gestational carrier (as with couple #1), and [section] 2-121 applies where there is a gestational carrier (as with couple #2).
Nicole Kidman and husband Keith Urban have become the proud parents of a baby girl - born to a 'gestational carrier'
The traditional application of Massachusetts' choice of law analysis in gestational carrier agreements is problematic because gestational carrier agreements involve unique questions of individual safety, health, as well as the general welfare of the parties and unborn child.