civil service

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Civil Service

The designation given to government employment for which a person qualifies on the basis of merit rather than political patronage or personal favor.

Civil service employees, often called civil servants or public employees, work in a variety of fields such as teaching, sanitation, health care, management, and administration for the federal, state, or local government. Legislatures establish basic prerequisites for employment such as compliance with minimal age and educational requirements and residency laws. Employees enjoy job security, promotion and educational opportunities, comprehensive medical insurance coverage, and Pension and other benefits often not provided in comparable positions in private employment.

Most civil service positions are filled from lists of applicants who are rated in descending order of their passing scores on competitive civil service examinations. Such examinations are written tests designed to measure objectively a person's aptitude to perform a job. They are open to the general public upon the completion and filing of the necessary forms. Promotional competitive examinations screen eligible employees for job advancement. Veterans of the Armed Services may be given hiring preference, usually in the form of extra points added to their examination scores, depending upon the nature and duration of their service. Applicants may also be required to pass a medical examination and more specialized tests that relate directly to the performance of a designated job. Once hired, an employee may have to take an oath to execute his job in Good Faith and in accordance with the law.

Unlike workers in private employment, civil service employees may be prohibited from certain acts that would compromise their position as servants of the government and the general public. For example, the federal Hatch Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 7324 et seq. [1887]) makes participation by federal, state, and local civil service employees in designated public electoral and political activities unlawful.

The U.S. Civil Service Commission, created by Congress in 1883 and reorganized under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C.A. § 1101 et seq.) as the Merit Systems Protection Board, established a merit system for federal employment and governs various aspects of such employment, such as job classification, tenure, pay, training, employee relations, equal opportunity, pensions, and health and life insurance. Most states have comparable bodies for the regulation of state and local civil service employment.

civil service

in the constitutional law of the UK, servants of the Crown who are permanent and do not change with a political change of government. There is no definition of a Crown servant. A subordinate who is employed by a civil servant is a servant of the Crown and not of the person employing him. Recruitment and examination, for many the insignia of a mature and independent civil service, have for over one hundred years been carried out by the Civil Service Commission, a body established not by statute but by order in council. Independence is supported by having pay decided by the Civil Service National Whitley Council. They may be precluded from being able to strike on grounds of national security. Civil servants have no special constitutional status separate from the minister they serve and have no right to reveal confidential information in the public interest, an issue discussed in relation to official secrets. There is a sliding scale of permission to take part in politics, the higher the official, the lesser the activity permitted.
References in periodicals archive ?
In June, Prime Minister Imran Khan had summoned the Establishment Division to mull over the matter of extending the retirement age of government employees.
Similarly, the marriage grant of government employees' children has been increased by three times from Rs40,000 and Rs50,000 to Rs150,000 for provincial employees.
Similarly, more than three times increase has been made in the marriage grant of government employees' children.
Under the vehicle restrictions, government employees in Sejong City, an administrative town 123 kilometers south of Seoul, are to leave their cars behind if the last digit on their license plate matches that of the calendar date.
And do ask any current government employee candidate to confirm in writing compliance with any requirements concerning disclosure of employment discussions and recusal from any matters involving the contractor.
Tellingly, retention rates for Presidential Management Interns--talented recruits brought in through special hiring authorities and allowed to rotate through different agencies--match retention rates for regular government employees for their first three years, after which the program's success collapses, largely because the participants don't see adequate opportunities for advancement.
With the difference between average salaries in the private and public sectors at 0.12%, the authority decided against recommending an increase in government basic salaries, and instead suggested additional family allowances for government employees with children.
In the case of travel in non-commercial aircraft that is provided for security reasons, both private-sector and government employees must include in income a special safe harbor value for a personal flight (referred to as the "200 percent of SIFL rate").
It has also been reported that many government employees have simultaneously been appointed as presiding officers on more than one polling stations..
The final irony is that the Republicans now find themselves in very much the same position as the government employee unions.
In addition, the preamble avers that the skirting of the independent security study requirement for government employers is appropriate because threats directed to government employees "may require an immediate response from the government employer in the form of protective services for the threatened employee and his family." Finally, the lighter recordkeeping burden is justified on the basis of the "recurrent and often urgent need" for protective services and the presence of public oversight to limit abuse.
I S L A M A B A D -- Government employees have expressed annoyance over the hopes chopping reduction of Eid holidays from 3 to 4 by the interim government terming the move a mockery of THEIR long awaited aspirations of celebrating the festive occasion with their near and dear ones in their native towns.

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