Elyot, The Boke Named the Governour
(London, 1580), fos 157-158, sigs T2r, U3v-U4r.
George Phillips, writing in 1676, credited its ultimate beautification (by contemporary north-western European standards) to the volatile, choleric and drink-loving John, first Earl of Middleton (governor of Tangier during two terms, 1669-70 and 1672-4), who "made the Governours
House, of a Portuguese-Dungeon, to become a very Noble Palace".
As he had explained to Hazard, despite his admiration of Bacon, he intended "to be of the Contrary Party, that I may make an Interest in our new Governour
made this evening a handsome collation upon the Fort house Tarrass, where he was accompanied with the Councill & chief of the Right Honorable Company Servants, most of the eminent freemen, & inhabitants of the City, or all Nations and Casts, the Garrison three Companies being in Arms also the Train'd Bands consisting of near 100 English men, commanded by Captain Robert Freemen & Lieutenant John Affloeck, who after an orderly march round the Fort, the Garrison Souldiers drew round within the Fort & Traind Bands without, when upon hoisting the Union Flagg upon the Standard, on the English Bastain the Governour
began a Glass of Toby to our Gracious Kings health & Royall Families & his happy long Regime.
of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay.
In the better-known Boke Named the Governour
(1531), Sir Thomas Elyot tells the story of Dionysus the tyrant who was reformed when he became a teacher and restored to his 'natural' authority, unfortunately suggesting a moral which would appear to go against the grain of the ostensible monarchical purpose of the anecdote and indicating the web of discourses that described and circumscribed the role of the teacher.
"We know," the Bishop of Oxford is supposed to have told the House of Lords in 1743, that strong liquors "produce in almost every one a high Opinion of his own Merit; that they blow the latent Sparks of Pride into Flame, and, therefore, destroy all voluntary Submission, they put an End to Subordination, and raise every Man to an Equality with his Master, or his Governour
1513-14), echoes the lyric's last line, 'who shall me lett'.(8) While preaching in the King's hall in March of 1521, the royal almoner incorporated the lyric into his sermon.(9) Lastly, passages of Elyot's Governour
, first published in 1531, echo the ideas expressed in two lines of the poem - 'For my pastaunce/Hunte, syng and daunce' (5-6) referring to the value of hunting (I, ch.
This is an Inconvenience, I confess, that attends all Governments whatsoever, when the Governours
have brought it to this pass, to be generally suspected of their People; the most dangerous state which they can possibly put themselves in: wherein they are the less to be pitied, because it is so easie to be avoided; It being as impossible for a Governour
, if he really means the good of his People, and the preservation of them and their Laws together, not to make them see and feel it; as it is for the Father of a Family, not to let his Children see he loves, and takes care of them.
24 Behn on the planters: "The Governour
had no sooner recover'd and had heard of the Menaces of Caesar, but he called his Council, who (not to disgrace them, or burlesque the Government there) consisted of such notorious Villains as Newgate never transported; and, possibly originally were such, who understood neither the Laws of God or Man, and had no sort of Principles to make them worthy the Name of Men; but at the very Council-Table wou'd contradict and fight with one another, and swear so bloodily, that 'twas terrible to hear and see 'em." Aphra Behn, Oroonoko: Or, the Royal Slave (New York: Norton, 1973), 69-70.
happy in this, she is not yet so old but she may learne: happier then this, shee is not bred so dull but she can learne; happiest of all, is that her gentle spirit commits it selfe to yours to be directed, as from her Lord, her governour
, her King.
In this last respect the play reflects the Renaissance fascination with defining optimum behavior in various social roles (for example, Machiavelli's The Prince, Ascham's The Schoolmaster, Elyot's The Governour