government

(redirected from Govt)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Govt: GOTV

County

A political subdivision of a state, the power and importance of which varies from one state to another.

A county is distinguishable from a city or Municipal Corporation, since a municipal corporation has a dual character, both public and private, while a county is established by the state and is considered to be an agency thereof. Through home rule, a municipality may make certain decisions on matters of local concern, while a county is controlled by the state and does the work of state administration.

In the state of Louisiana, a state political subdivision is known as a parish. Comparable to counties, parishes have no independent existence apart from the state but possess only such authority as the state grants them.

Status

The state constitution determines the procedures for the formation of a county. Certain states require a specific minimum size population or property value before a county is created. A county government that is too small can be either completely abolished or subject to a consolidation plan designed to merge urban and rural areas. Conversely, a county that becomes too large or diverse following an extended period of development can be divided by the state to form a new county.

The principle of Sovereign Immunity permits states to refuse to allow anyone to sue them. This doctrine protects counties from legal action to the same extent that the states they exist in are so protected. States and counties can only be sued where state law specifically permits it.

Boundaries

Ordinarily, the boundaries of a county are set by the state legislature. If a boundary is marked by a stream or river, the county extends to the center and remains there from the time of the county's creation, even if the stream subsequently changes course. When a lake is the boundary, the county line ordinarily extends to the bank or the low water mark. A boundary that is on the ocean extends to the three-mile limit offshore.

State law provides for the revision of the boundaries of counties. Certain state statutes proscribe the creation of a new county line too close to an already existing county seat. Ordinarily voters can petition for the expansion or division of a county where population and commercial growth justify it. Although citizens have no absolute right to prevent the alteration of county lines by state legislatures, the legislature cannot change boundaries for the purpose of diluting the voting power of some of the citizens in an election.

The state retains power to designate special districts for purposes of irrigation, flood control, fire protection, or library services, which do not affect the makeup of existing counties.

Government

The government of a county is located at the county seat, a city or town where court sessions are held and duties are performed by county officers. The county board, comprised of public officials who are elected or appointed to serve on it, is the body that manages the government of the county. Other county officials include sheriffs, clerks, surveyors, and commissioners responsible for certain areas such as highways and Human Rights.

The state gives counties express authority to purchase and sell property and to raise funds from taxes, licenses, or bond issues. Counties have state-granted authority to make provisions for public health, safety, welfare, and morals of its residents through the enactment and enforcement of ordinances and regulations. The state, however, has the authority to make the decision whether to create courts on the county level or to use counties to designate intrastate judicial districts.

government

(Administration), noun administratio, authorization, command, control, decision making, dominion, governance, gubernatio, guidance, management, power, procuratio, regnancy, reign, rule, rulership, state management, statecraft, statesmanship, stewardship, superintendence, sway

government

(Political administration), noun agency of the state, authority, body of office holders, congress, delegates, ii qui reipublicae praesunt, lawgivers, lawmakers, legislators, ministers, penes quos est reipublica, political community, political leaders, political regime, politicos, polity, public servants, representatives, ruling power, sovereign, state managers, statemongers, statesmen
Associated concepts: de facto government, de jure govvrnment, democratic government, federal government, governmental agency, governmental body, governmental function, governmental immunity, powers of government, provisional government
Foreign phrases: Privilegium non valet contra rempubliiam.A privilege is of no avail against the state.
See also: authorities, bureaucracy, civic, control, dominion, hierarchy, management, national, politics, public, regime, regulation, supervision

GOVERNMENT, natural and political law. The manner in which sovereignty is exercised in each state.
     2. There are three simple forms of government, the democratic, the aristocratic, and monarchical. But these three simple forms may be varied to infinity by the mixture and divisions of their different powers. Sometimes by the word government is understood the body of men, or the individual in the state, to whom is entrusted the executive power. It is taken in this sense when the government is spoken of in opposition to other bodies in the state.
     3. Governments are also divided into monarchical and republican; among the monarchical states may be classed empires, kingdoms, and others; in these the sovereignty resides in, a single individual. There are some monarchical states under the name of duchies, counties, and the like. Republican states are those where the sovereignty is in several persons. These are subdivided into aristocracies, where the power is exercised by a few persons of the first rank in the state; and democracies, which are those governments where the common people may exercise the highest powers. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 20. See Aristocracy; Democracy; Despotism; Monarchy; Theocracy.
     4. It should be remembered, however, that governments, for the most part, have not been framed on models. Their parts and their powers grew out of occasional acts, prompted by some urgent expediency, or some private interest, which, in the course of time, coalesced and hardened into usages. These usages became the object of respect and the guide of conduct long before they were embodied in written laws. This subject is philosophically treated by Sir James McIntosh, in his History of England. See vol. 1, p. 71, et seq.

References in periodicals archive ?
He assured that endowment fund for lawyers were also being established so that they did not need requesting the govt every year for grants any more.
He said soon a training workshop would be organized regarding using of playing equipment wherein local govt representatives would be invited along with the staff and District Sports Officer of the Directorate of Sports Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
He further said that Rs 30 million would be spent on the provision of missing facilities at Govt Girls College Gulshan Colony and Rs 20 million for construction of additional classroom and labs at Govt Postgraduate College Samanabad whereas Rs 32 million would be expended for providing missing facilities at Govt College for Women Jaranwala.
Zar Ali Khan Coordinator of the Tribal NGOs Consortium while expressing his views demanded the review of the bill and said that Govt must ensure human rights are not only in all legislations but also in their implementations.
The Sindh Minister for Local Govt Sharjeel Enam Memon while participating in deliberation also pointed out that there were many pieces of Govt land occupied by the land grabbers in Karachi.
He said now things have been changing with a positive outcome of the policies introduced by the PML-N Govt.
The CM prohibited the Sugar Cane supply into Sindh province from other provinces and urged upon the Federal Govt to direct TCP & PASCO for extending their business upto Sindh province and procure Agro products from Sindh Province as well.
The Vice Chancellor (VC) informed that schools included: Govt Nusratul Islam High School, Govt Bokhari Public High School, Govt High School New Central Jail, Govt High School Hamidpur, Govt High School for Girls New Central Jail, Govt High School Farooq pura, Govt Elementary School basiti khokharaan and Govt Elementary School for Girls Qayyum Nawaz Wala.
There will be two polling stations at Govt Girls High school Tibbi Park Qila Lakshman Singh Lahore.
Peshawar -- KP Chief Minister Pervez Khattak has in principal approved the upgradation of all technical and nontechnical govt employees from BPS1 to 16 on the pattern of clerks community and has directed the concerned authorities to submit summary for the purpose within ten days.
The championship was organized by Multan Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) at Govt Girls High School Comprehensive.