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A secretary, secretary of state, or minister of a king or other high nobleman.

The king's chancellor in England during the Middle Ages was given a variety of duties, including drawing up writs that permitted the initiation of a lawsuit in one of the common-law courts and deciding disputes in a way that gave birth to the system of law called Equity. His governmental department was called the Chancery.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer in England is like the secretary of the U.S. treasury, but in former times he also presided over a court called the Court of Exchequer, which at first heard disputes over money owed to the king but eventually heard a wide variety of cases involving money. This jurisdiction was founded on the theory that a creditor who could not collect a debt would later be less able to pay whatever he owed to the king.

Chancellor has also been used as the title for a judge who sits in a court of equity, for the president of a university, or for the public official in charge of higher education in some states.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. from the old English legal system, a chancellor is a judge who sits in what is called a chancery (equity) court with the power to order something be done (as distinguished from just paying damages.) Almost all states now combine chancery (equity) functions and law in the same courts. (See: equity)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CHANCELLOR. An officer appointed to preside over a court of chancery, invested with various powers in the several states.
     2. The office of chancellor is of Roman origin. He appears, at first, to have been a chief scribe or secretary, but he was afterwards invested with judicial power, and had superintendence over the other officers of the empire. From the Romans, the title and office passed to the church, and therefore every bishop of the catholic church has, to this day, his chancellor, the principal judge of his consistory. When the modern kingdoms of Europe were established upon the ruins of the empire, almost every state preserved its chancellor, with different jurisdictions and dignities, according to their different constitutions. In all he seems to have had a supervision of all charters, letters, and such other public instruments of the crown, as were authenticated in the most solemn manner; and when seals came into use, he had the custody of the public seal.
     3. An officer bearing this title is to be found in most countries of Europe, and is generally invested with extensive authority. The title and office of chancellor came to us from England. Many of our state constitutions provide for the appointment of this officer, who is by them, and by the law of the several states, invested with power as they provide. Vide Encyclopedie, b. t.; Encycl.. Amer. h.t.; Dict. de Jur. h.t.; Merl. Rep. h.t.; 4 Vin. Ab. 374; Blake's Ch. Index, h.t.; Woodes. Lect. 95.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
He makes clear his devotion and support in phrases of (for modern taste) vastly exaggerated sentiment and responds with alacrity to her occasionally unreasonable demands (such as that he should cut off the British subsidy to Bestuzhev unless the Grand Chancellor becomes more helpful in getting Poniatowski back to Russia).
This price includes return flights with China Eastern Airways between London Heathrow and Melbourne, via Shanghai, three nights at the three-star Grand Chancellor Hotel in Melbourne and a nine-night innkeepers pass for Tasmania.
As evinced in the earlier case of Charles V's Grand Chancellor Gattinara, more than o ne child of the peninsula would be drawn into the orbit of Spain's global expansion and to the apparent vocation of empire.
16:15): Missiological and Missionary Responses in the Context of Religions and Cultures." The inaugural address will be given by Jozef Cardinal Tomko, Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Urbaniana University, and the keynote address will be given by Bishop Walter Kasper, Secretary of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.
Tasmania's Premier Jim Bacon, who presented the award at a dinner at the Grand Chancellor Hotel in Hobart on October 15, said Piper's Brook was an excellent example of a quality-based export business whose successes helped to lift Tasmania's overall profile.
Louis, and made governor of the Twenty-First Military Division by Louis XVIII; he escorted the King to Belgium on the return of Napoleon; he took no part in the Waterloo campaign but was given the sensitive task of disbanding the Army of the Loire on its return to France; in July 1815 he was made grand chancellor of the Legion of Honor and a member of the King's Privy Council; in 1825 he went to England and Scotland, where he visited his ancestral home; on his return he was appointed one of the four marshals in command of the Royal Guard; on September 7, 1840 he died at the chateau of Courcelles-le-Roi (near Gien).
2 following Festing's resignation, Albrecht von Boeselager, grand chancellor of the order, said that the Knights of Malta will continue placing their priority on helping migrants, the poor and the marginalized.
ON DECEMBER 8, 2016, Albrecht von Boeselager, grand chancellor of the Order of Malta, was forced from his position after refusing to tenure his resignation at the request of Fra' Matthew Festing, 79th prince and grand master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
Festing had refused to cooperate with a Vatican inquiry into his decision to sack the order's grand chancellor, Albert von Boeselager, last month over revelations that the charity had distributed condoms to thousands of poor people in Myanmar.
Georgelin, the grand chancellor of the order, who had flown in from Paris to chair the ceremony.
Leadership & Practice Development in Health Conference:'Quality and Safety through Workplace Learning' 19 March 2010, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Hobart, TAS.

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