Health

(redirected from HMO)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

References in periodicals archive ?
HMOs are properties split into separate bedsits such as shared houses/flats or hostels.
The Insurance Commission (IC) has issued underwriting guidelines for health maintenance organization (HMOs) in line with the assessment of risks for persons with actual, perceived, or suspected to be with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Although the HMOs fed bacteria that were widely considered beneficial, a stronger link needed to be made between specific bugs and infant health or disease.
The completion of the study means the council now has extremely high-quality data when considering issues regarding HMOs, whether for planning, licensing or anything else.
DuPont delivers an unmatched innovation platform that allows manufacturers to leverage synergies among HMOs, probiotics and other ingredients, offering brand growth and differentiation opportunities.
'Since the IC assumed supervision over HMOs, we issued numerous regulatory issuances including rules on licensing, minimum capitalization and financial capacity requirements, product approval and manual of examination,' Funa said.
'However, HMOs that have submitted their products and corresponding agreements and contract forms within the April 30 deadline shall be allowed to sell their existing products until June 30,' Funa added.
But figures from the Assembly Government show HMOs are more likely to have hazards when inspected by local authorities under the Housing Health and Safety Rating System.
Empirically we do not expect a simple relationship between HMO concentration and hospital cost/revenue for several reasons.
"It's now difficult to figure out what HMOs mean anymore," said Alexander Domaszewicz, a principal and senior consultant with Mercer Health and Benefits.
HMOs are generally the least expensive group health option and also the least flexible.
First, we consider the utilization effect, which would occur if lower premiums reflect the success of HMO plan managers at restricting access to medical care they believe is worth less to enrollees than it costs HMOs.