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Related to Hawthorne effect: placebo effect, Hawthorne studies


As a verb, to do; to produce; to make; to bring to pass; to execute; enforce; accomplish. As a noun, that which is produced by an agent or cause; result; outcome; consequence. The result that an instrument between parties will produce in their relative rights, or which a statute will produce upon the existing law, as discovered from the language used, the forms employed, or other materials for construing it. The operation of a law, of an agreement, or an act. The phrases take effect, be in force, and go into operation, are used interchangeably.

In the plural, a person's effects are the real and Personal Property of someone who has died or who makes a will.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

EFFECT. The operation of a law, of an agreement, or an act, is called its effect.
     2. By the laws of the United States, a patent cannot be granted for an effect only, but it may be for a new mode or application of machinery to produce effects. 1 Gallis. 478; see 4 Mason, 1; Pet. C. C. R. 394; 2 N. H. R. 61.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vehmas, "Hawthorne effect: shortening of fluoroscopy times during radiation measurement studies," The British Journal of Radiology, vol.
The Hawthorne effect may have risen to prominence because it had behind it "the power of a good story" But good stories do not good science make.
Its powerful opening gambit stated quite baldly that about 75% of the impact of medical or healthcare interventions was attributable to a combination of the placebo and the Hawthorne effects.
Using a comparison condition that involves putting advice just before the competition might control for the possibility of a Hawthorne effect as well as testing whether the self-instructions work because they include new information or because they focus the golfer's mind on what to do right before doing it.
This finding raised the question as to whether our study field procedures had resulted in a Hawthorne effect on antibiotic prescribing rates for viral conditions.
Note: The Hawthorne Effect was formulated during the first time-management study, circa 1932, that included employee opinions and preferences.
She said that it would be "difficult to envisage how an appropriate comparison group could have been used without a significant 'Hawthorne effect.' "The Hawthorne effect refers to the improvement subjects typically exhibit simply by being studied--their reactions to being "observed and cared for." The term was originally used by Chicago researcher Elton Mayo with reference to studies on worker productivity that he performed in the 1920s.
Remember the power of the Hawthorne effect when your staff or physicians moan, "Not another CHF study!" (The Hawthorne effect is a phenomenon described in the organization behavior literature suggesting that employees perform differently when they are being observed.)
The results of these experiments became known as the Hawthorne Effect, and popularized as the "Somebody Upstairs Cares" syndrome.
Romm: The Hawthorne effect is one of the great myths.