Health

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HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) places significant requirements on holders of medical information to safeguard, and be able to document the safeguarding of that information.
The ineffectiveness of the Foreign Investors Tax Act of 1966 led to numerous amendments, the most significant being the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA).
The new monthly report, published by LexisNexis Mealey Publications & Conferences Group, covers state and federal medical privacy statutes and emerging HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) issues.
In the United States, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA,) and the Children Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) impose special privacy rules in their respective areas.
(14) With the new emphasis on privacy of medical records brought on by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, it behooves training programs for health professionals to include adolescent confidentiality protections modules in their curricula and to provide guidance on the implementation of confidentiality policies and evidence-based practices.
UB: Except for the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, which protects the privacy of health records, and the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, aimed at protecting financial in-formation, the government seems to have left network security in the hands of the schools.
The AMA will study the privacy regulations spelled out under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) rules and propose that the government delay enacting them if they are found to be too burdensome.
The plan also offers coverage for the Consolidated Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1985, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, the Newborns' and Mothers' Health Protection Act of 1996, and the Women's Health and Cancer Rights Act of 1998.
Department of Health and Human Services has drafted proposed confidentiality regulations, as required under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.
A law enacted by Congress in 1996, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), contains provisions which break down barriers between computer systems and which will, in effect, create a national database for patient records.
It includes information on the effects of recent legislation on trust law, including the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, with text of OBRA 1993.
However, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 seeks to better regulate pre-existing condition exclusions, thus helping to facilitate job changes without serious implications for health coverage.

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