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noun condition, fitness, freedom from aillent, freedom from disease, haleness, hardiness, physical condition, robustness, ruggedness, salubrity, salus, sanitas, soundness, soundness of body, stamina, state of health, strength, sturdiness, vigor, vitality, well-being, wholesomeness
Associated concepts: bill of health, board of health, dangerrus to health, department of health, health care, health eddcation and welfare, health insurance, impairment of health, mental health, public health and safety, public health law, sanitary code

HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

References in periodicals archive ?
Seeing our original research continued and expanded in these 10 articles means that WISH has started a conversation that continues to resonate with the health policy community.
To really improve peoples lives, evidence from laboratory, clinical or population science research needs to be translated into real-world terms, into policy and practice, says Dan Dohan, PhD, professor of health policy and social medicine and deputy director at the Institute for Health Policy Studies.
Ha el al (1) paper provides a good empirical example with a sophisticated application of the theoretical lens to the case of maternal health policy process in the Vietnamese context.
In the health portfolio the company is currently marketing two products namely family health policy and group health policy.
Students at Harvard Medical School now study health policy in their first year, while Dartmouth Medical School requires fourth-year students to enroll in a course covering key issues such as the causes of poor-quality care and rising costs.
By Leslie Greenberg, RN, MSN, OCN [R], ONS Health Policy Manager]
The Department of Health has not formally adopted and implemented a national mental health policy, but has developed a set of national 'policy guidelines'.
Rather, you must decide whether being holistically educated on health policy topics such as Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), and Head Start is worthy of your time.
Topics include how policies are formed or changed; analysing policies; and when, who and how to influence health policy.
For students, this volume details the basics of American health policy and law.
Formulating health policy without a thorough understanding of the implications of the environment's influence on health can be compared to building an airplane without an understanding of basic physics: though it may appear to have all the appropriate parts in the appropriate places, without the underlying engineering required for flight, it will never get off the ground.
Online magazine and 'think tank' New Matilda has released a health policy that presents some 'alternative' solutions to those offered by Australia's mainstream political parties.

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