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HEALTH. Freedom from pain or sickness; the most perfect state of animal life. It may be defined, the natural agreement and concordant dispositions of the parts of the living body.
     2. Public health is an object of the utmost importance and has attracted the attention of the national and state legislatures.
     3. By the act of Congress of the 25th of February, 1799, 1 Story's L. U. S. 564, it is enacted: 1. That the quarantines and other restraints, which shall be established by the laws of any state, respecting any vessels arriving in or bound to any port or district thereof, whether coming from a foreign port or some other part of the United States, shall be observed and enforced by all officers of the United States, in such place. Sect. 1. 2. In times of contagion the collectors of the revenue may remove, under the provisions of the act, into another district. Sect. 4. 3. The judge of any district court may, when a contagious disorder prevails in his district, cause the removal of persons confined in prison under the laws of the United States, into another district. Sect. 5. 4. In case of the prevalence of a contagious disease at the seat of government, the president of the United States may direct the removal of any or all public offices to a place of safety. Sect. 6. 5. In case of such contagious disease, at the seat of government, the chief justice, or in case of his death or inability, the senior associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, may issue his warrant to the marshal of the district court within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same or adjoining district as he may deem convenient. And the district judges may, under the same circumstances, have the same power to adjourn to some other part of their several districts. Sect. 7.
     3. Offences against the provisions of the health laws are generally punished by fine and imprisonment. These are offences against public health, punishable by the common law by fine and imprisonment, such for example, as selling unwholesome provisions. 4 Bl. Com. 162; 2 East's P. C. 822; 6 East, R.133 to 141; 3 M. & S. 10; 4 Campb. R. 10.
     4. Private injuries affecting a man's health arise upon a breach of contract, express or implied; or in consequence of some tortious act unconnected with a contract.
     5.-1. Those injuries to health which arise upon contract are, 1st. The misconduct of medical men, when, through neglect, ignorance, or wanton experiments, they injure their patients. 1 Saund. 312, n. 2. 2d. By the sale of unwholesome food; though the law does not consider a sale to be a warranty as to the goodness or quality of a personal chattel, it is otherwise with regard to food and liquors. 1 Rolle's Ab. 90, pl. 1, 2.
     6.-2. Those injuries which affect a man's health, and which arise from tortious acts unconnected with contracts, are, 1st. Private nuisances. 2d. Public nuisances. 3d. Breaking quarantine. 4th. By sudden alarms, and frightening; as by raising a pretended ghost. 4 Bl. Com. 197, 201, note 25; 1 Hale, 429; Smith's Forens. Med. 37 to 39; 1 Paris & Fonbl. 351, 352. For private injuries affecting his health a man may generally have an action on the case.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is well established that healthful behaviors before, during, and after exercise are associated with positive birth outcomes however, gaps seem to exist in knowledge and behavior exhibited by women during to pregnancy (Martens, Hernandez, Strickland, & Boatwright, 2006).
Avoiders (29 percent) are generally not focused on a healthy lifestyle and avoid healthful behaviors. Although 37 percent of this group makes living a healthy lifestyle a priority, 38 percent find it difficult to do, and 42 percent say they don't pay attention to news about what's bad for health.
Parents are integrated into the program and play a critical role in facilitating healthful behavior. They recognize they face common problems, helps develop strategies for overcoming them, and help implement those strategies.
Hales, a freelance journalist and author, offers a textbook on health that emphasizes everyday actions that yield short-term and long-term benefits in this edition, so that students are motivated towards healthful behaviors. It covers psychological and spiritual well-being, mental health, stress management, and social health, relationships, and networking; nutrition, weight, and fitness; sexuality; addictions, alcohol, and tobacco; major diseases and infectious illnesses; and personal safety, the environment and health, and aging, death, and dying.
And, adhering to all five healthful behaviors, versus none, could prevent about four out of five heart attacks, the researchers concluded.
However, healthy behaviors had a mitigating effect : women who engaged in more healthful behaviors experienced a smaller decline in telomere length for every major stressful event that occurred during the year.
The new edition is updated with new cross-cultural data and illustrations in addition to material updates with a focus on stress, positive psychology, motivation to maintain healthful behaviors, health care systems, and chronic disease management.
They cannot lower cholesterol or reduce high blood pressure, but they may alter mood or pain sufficiently to promote more healthful behaviors.
However, despite growing interest among employers in instituting financial rewards for exercise and other healthful behaviors, research on whether workplace incentives are effective in promoting such behaviors is limited.
In this context, using public funds to change policy or the environment in ways that lead to more healthful behaviors reaps benefits for all of us.
This study indicates that a vegetarian diet may aid in the prevention of diabetes even among a population already practicing more healthful behaviors. Additionally, this study suggests that vegetarian diets have the potential to help ease the diabetes epidemic.
The number of sessions you may need varies, but a typical course of CBT generally includes 20-24 one-hour sessions during which you learn about healthful behaviors, build skills, and solve problems.