Beecher, Henry Ward

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Beecher, Henry Ward

Henry Ward Beecher.

Henry Ward Beecher was one of the most prominent U.S. ministers of the nineteenth century as well as an active participant in various reform movements.

Beecher was born June 24, 1813, in Litchfield, Connecticut. He was the son of preacher Lyman Beecher and the brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin. He studied at Amherst College and Lane Theological Seminary and served as a novice minister in Indiana before becoming minister at the Plymouth Congregational Church in Brooklyn, New York, in 1847. A liberal thinker, Beecher was in favor of such principles as women's suffrage, Abolition of Slavery, and acceptance of the theory of evolution and often lectured on these and other controversial ideas from the pulpit.

Beecher excelled as a speaker and in 1863 he went on a lecture tour throughout England and spoke in support of the Union position in the Civil War.

"It usually takes a hundred years to make a law, and then, after it has done its work, it usually takes a hundred years to get rid of it."
—Henry Beecher

In 1875, Beecher, regarded as one of the United States' foremost preachers, was involved in a sensational trial that damaged his honor. Journalist Theodore Tilton accused the minister of committing Adultery with Mrs. Tilton. Beecher was expertly defended by his attorney, william m. evarts, and, after a lengthy trial, the jury could not agree on a verdict. Beecher's church proclaimed him the victor and officially cleared him of the charges. In spite of the scandal, Beecher continued to be an influential force in the U.S. ministry until his death on March 8, 1887, in Brooklyn.

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With the comments of Charlie McCarthy, Lou Lasagna and Bob Levine still echoing softly in my mind, and the ghost of Henry Beecher in every corridor, we launched a campaign to promote the notion of shared goals and shared responsibilities for IRBs and investigators, to foster a belief that they could, and should, be more in collaboration than confrontation, and that we should be more interested in supporting responsible research than in regulating it.
In 1966 a paper published by the Harvard physician Henry Beecher in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine recounting twenty-two cases of unethical abuse of subjects in medical research triggered the end to this unconstrained period of research.