Henry II of England


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Henry II of England

Henry II of England. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Henry II of England.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

King Henry II was born March 5, 1133, in Le Mans, France. He reigned from 1154 to 1189 and founded the Plantagenet dynasty of English rulers. Henry's many innovations in civil and Criminal Procedure had a lasting effect upon English Law and his expansion of the royal court system made royal justice available throughout England.

Building upon the earlier tradition of the inquest, Henry issued several assizes, or ordinances, that introduced the procedures that eventually developed into the Grand Jury. He also developed a number of writs to bring cases from the feudal courts of the barons into the royal courts. In addition, Henry sent itinerant justices on regular circuits through the kingdom to make royal justice more easily obtainable.

Henry's expansion of royal justice did, however, bring him into conflict with thomas becket, the archbishop of Canterbury, who opposed the king's efforts to punish members of the clergy who had been convicted of crimes in ecclesiastical courts and removed from their clerical status. Becket was murdered in 1170 by some of the king's men, though apparently not at his command, and Henry thereafter gave up his efforts to punish members of the clergy. Henry died July 6, 1189, near Tours, France.

References in periodicals archive ?
THE RAF language row on Ynys Mon reminded me of a quote made by an old man from Pencader, Caerfyrddin to the King Henry II of England when boasting about the strength of the English army during an invasion of South Wales.
History fans may know that it was, for a while, part of the empire of King Henry II of England that included the west coast of France.
For example when Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah took up a case against Nawaz Sharif all he needed to do was express his deep frustration like King Henry II of England against the Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket.
The author challenges the traditional view of Becket's early intimacy with King Henry II of England, suggesting that the king saw his relationship with his chancellor as little more than a partnership of convenience.
Robert Lindsay ("Me and My Girl," "Wimbledon') and Lumley play the aging Henry II of England and his estranged wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine, whom he's locked in a tower for the past decade while he canoodles with his son's lovely fiancee, Alais (Sonya Cassidy).
It was that of the bitter former king of Leinster, Dermot McMurrough, who had been expelled from Ireland by O'Connor and wanted his kingdom and O'Connor's so much that he turned to King Henry II of England for help.
The cathedral chapter therefore sought approval for their decision from Henry II of England.
Thus Henry II of England is credited with 'Bismarckian cunning'.
James Campbell portrays King Henry II of England and Janet Steiger Carr plays his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine.
When Philip ascended to the throne in 1180, Henry II of England ruled more of France than his Capetian overlord; by his death in 1223 Philip had increased the royal estate to include Touraine, Maine, Amiens, and much of Poitou, adding to these the overlordship of Britanny.
ELEANOR of Aquitaine was married to Louis VII of France then to Henry II of England and was mother to Richard the Lionheart and King John.
Before marrying Henry II of England she married Louis VII of France.