house arrest

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House Arrest

Confinement to one's home or another specified location instead of incarceration in a jail or prison.

House arrest has been used since ancient times as an alternative to criminal imprisonment, often imposed upon people who either were too powerful or too influential to be placed in an actual prison. Hereditary rulers, religious leaders, and political figures, whose imprisonment might spur a revolt by loyalists, would be confined to their homes where they could live comfortably and safely but without any influence. House arrest does not always lessen its victims' influence, however. Aung San Suu Kyi, a political leader from Myanmar, was placed under house arrest from 1989 to 1995, and again, from 2000 to 2002, by the nation's military junta. On both occasions the international community successfully exerted pressure on the government to release Suu Kyi, a peace activist and Nobel laureate.

The term house arrest can also refer to electronic monitoring programs in which a convicted criminal is sentenced to home confinement instead of prison, for a specified period. The criminal wears an electronic ankle bracelet (for which he usually bears maintenance costs) that monitors movement and sends a signal to a central computer if the house arrest is violated. Examples of crimes that could warrant house arrest include white-collar crimes such as Fraud or Embezzlement. This type of sentence can be a cost-effective way of punishing criminals who pose no threat to others and thus do not need to be imprisoned at the state's expense.

house arrest

noun confinement at home, confineeent to a residence, custodial detention, domestic reetraint, house confinement, imprisonment, punishment at home, restraint at home, restriction at home, retention at home, serving a sentence at home, serving time at home
References in periodicals archive ?
In arguing for home confinement, lawyers for Phillipos argued that the student is not a flight risk and has no prior criminal record, according to (http://www.
They carried a large case similar to the one that Vick's ankle monitor was delivered in when he started home confinement.
Dolores Cross, the former Morris Brown College president convicted of embezzling millions of dollars in government money to cover the school's debts, has been sentenced to five years probation and a year of home confinement.
The four-time Emmy Award-winning reporter is currently serving six months of home confinement, while the subjects of his reporting are serving prison sentences.
Following her prison term, Stewart must serve five months of home confinement.
Probation officials had recommended five months in prison and five months home confinement.
Stewart was also ordered to serve five months of home confinement for lying to federal investigators and fined pounds 16, 000.
A former Northwest Airlines flight attendant who pleaded guilty to assaulting a 19-month-old baby during a flight has been sentenced to four months of home confinement.
A federal prisoner brought a habeas corpus claim challenging the imposition of discipline for phoning a former inmate who was on home confinement.
Hong Kong is extending home confinement restrictions to those suspected of being infected with SARS as symptoms of the highly contagious disease in some infected patients are obscure, health officials said Thursday.
in September and transferred to home confinement in October.
In addition, only offenders who would serve very short prison sentences are considered suitable, since extended periods of home confinement could lead to alcohol and drug dependency or heightened domestic conflict and violence, say the authors.