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(2009a) on the basis of several craniodental features that do not fit with other Valles-Penedes hominoids. If this attribution is correct, this is the only specimen representing the facial morphology of the type species of Dryopithecus, otherwise known from several mandibles and a few isolated upper teeth.
By employing them as a baseline and drawing on the material from elsewhere as substantiating or invalidating aspects, he considers a number of theories from a number of angles, ultimately rejecting them all: in this book, hairy hominoids are not serving as moral, symbolic, or spiritual images, or indeed as a universal archetype.
9:15 PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE UPPER MO-LARS OF SAHELANTHROPUS TCHADENS1S AND LATE MIOCENE HOMINOIDS AND HOMINIDS, Laura D.
These are the same features that evolved to define our own faces, as we see in Early Humans, where Frame demonstrates, through a series of progressively earlier hominoids, how our facial structures derive from the more robust outlines of our predecessors.
In his argument for an early establishment of monogamous pair-bonding Lovejoy suggests that "in primates as intelligent as extant hominoids, it would establish paternity and thus lead to a gradual replacement of the matrifocal group by a "bifocal" one--the primitive nuclear family" (347-48).
Genomic divergence between humans and other hominoids and the effective population size of the common ancestor of humans and chimpanzees.
(2003), "Hypoglossal Canal Size in Living Hominoids and the Evolution of Human Speech," Human Biology 75: 473-484.
Li, "Genomic Divergences between Humans and Other Hominoids and the Effective Population Size of the Common Ancestor of Humans and Chimpanzees," American Journal of Human Genetics 68 (2001): 444-56; Z.
And unlike Old World monkeys and hominoids that evolved after about 24 million years ago, Saadanius--which Zalmout's group identifies as a male based on dental characteristics--lacked nasal sinuses and large canine teeth typical of later ape and monkey males.
Insertions and duplications of mtDNA in the nuclear genomes of Old World monkeys and hominoids. Nature 378: 485-489.
Hesiodos' and Strabo's descriptions of doglike people); mythological creatures like giants, Amazons and hominoids mentioned by Pliny.
The brain and its main anatomical subdivisions in living hominoids using magnetic resonance imaging.