Hostility


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HOSTILITY. A state of open enmity; open war. Wolff, Dr. de la Rat. Sec. 1191. Hostility, as it regards individuals, may be permanent or temporary; it is permanent when the individual is a citizen or subject of the government at war, and temporary when he happens to be domiciliated or resident in the country of one of the belligerents; in this latter case the individual may throw off the national character he has thus acquired by residence, when he puts himself in motion, bona fide, to quit the country sine animo revertendi. 3 Rob. Adm. Rep. 12; 3 Wheat. R. 14.
     2. There may be a hostile character merely as to commercial purposes, and hostility may attach only to the person as a temporary enemy, or it may attach only to the property of a particular description. This hostile character in a commercial view, or one limited to certain intents and purposes only, will attach in, consequence of having possessions in the territory of the enemy, or by maintaining a commercial establishment there, or by a personal residence, or, by particular modes of traffic, as by sailing under the enemy's flag of passport. 9 Cranch, 191 5 Rob. Adm. Rep. 21, 161; 1 Kent Com. 73; Wesk. on Ins. h.t.; Chit. Law of Nat. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
As a result of these outcomes, the study concluded that low optimism, high negativity, and hostility were associated with increased risk of incident diabetes in postmenopausal women, independent of major health behaviours and depressive symptoms.
Mohamad also pointed out that the hostility would eventually involve others who had nothing to do with the fight at the first place such as the Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF) and other security forces to restore the peace.
One school of thought suggests that listening may reduce a partner's anger and thereby decrease the likelihood of a partner's hostility, making the listener feel less stressed.
'These are things that bosses don't like and that fit the definition of hostility, but in a passive-aggressive form.
Both India and Pakistan need to understand that people of J& K are worst sufferers of the conflict between them and any attempt made by the two to end hostility will be warmly welcomed," he said.
The authors assert that, in its extreme form, religious particularism -- commitment to the belief that "there is only one true faith" -- can lead to hostilities spurred by uncivil dicta, such as this one from Saudi Arabia: "Be dissociated from the infidels, hate them for their religion always oppose them in every way according to Islamic law." In this light, the authors conclude that "any attempt to reduce religious hostilities by revealing them to be based on false, negative beliefs would be absurd, and increased contact might well result in increased hostility." Instead, Stark and Corcoran argue for replication of the American example of religious civility, although they acknowledge that the American experiment may not be exportable.
Muslims and Jews have suffered the greatest level of hostility in six years, the report said.
Barclays Plc (LSE: BARC) has said that hostility to banks was not healthy.
..."); PEARCE HIGGINS, WAR AND THE PRIVATE CITIZEN 42 (1912) ("The citizen who committed acts of hostility without belonging to a force ...
Although Kathleen Bartholomew's monograph Ending Nurse-to-Nurse Hostility was published a few years ago, sadly, the topic she covers remains relevant.
The study subjects rated themselves on the Chen Internet Addiction Scale, the ADHD Self-Rated Scale, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the Brief Version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale, and the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory.
Now owners are being urged to join a national 4x4 charter that encourages owners to avoid the sort of driving behaviour that is causing so much hostility.