House of Lords


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House of Lords

in the constitutional law of the UK, one of the two chambers of Parliament, the other being the HOUSE OF COMMONS. It is composed of Lords Spiritual, being the Archbishops of Canterbury and York and other senior bishops. Until 1999 the rest of the membership was predominantly made up of hereditary peers of whom there were several hundred but very few of whom actually sat. The majority of the peers in attendance are the life peers and peeresses. There are over three hundred such peers. The Speaker of the House of Lords is the Lord Chancellor. At the end of the 1998-99 session, in accordance with Section 1 of the House of Lords Act 1999, 655 hereditary peers ceased to be members of the House while, under Section 2, 90 hereditary peers, the Earl Marshal and the Lord Great Chamberlain remained as members for their lifetime or until a subsequent Act provides otherwise. This change had the effect of reducing the total membership of the House from 1,330 in October 1999 to 669 in March 2000. A Royal Commission reported in 2000, and further reform to democratize and modernize the House seems inevitable. The House reviews legislation in often impressive debates. It can delay legislation, initiate non-controversial legislation and scrutinizes legislation of the EUROPEAN UNION.

The House of Lords is also the highest court in the land, although not in respect of criminal matters in Scotland where there is no appeal from the HIGH COURT OF JUSTICIARY (although the same individual law lords sitting on the constitutionally different Board of the PRIVY COUNCIL now can reverse the High Court on devolution issues, which may include human rights matters such as that to a fair trial). To make sure that there is an adequate number of sufficiently qualified persons to carry out this task, it has been possible since 1876 to appoint Law Lords.

HOUSE OF LORDS. Eng. law. The English lords, temporal and spiritual, when taken collectively and forming a branch of the parliament, are called the House of Lords.
     2. Its assent is required to all laws. As a court of justice, it tries all impeachments.

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Bullying and harassment have no place in the House of Lords.
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By constitutional convention, all government ministers, including the Prime Minister, are members of the House of Commons or, less commonly, the House of Lords and are thereby accountable to the respective branches of the legislature.
Lord Geoffrey spoke about the parliamentary work in the sultanate, pointing out that there is a similarity between the two countries in this aspect where there is an appointed council in the sultanate, namely the Council of State, equivalent to the UK House of Lords. There is also an elected council in the sultanate, namely the Majlis A'Shura, which is an equivalent to the UK House of Commons.
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Equally, however, in a reformed House of Lords, where only those who are experts are mandated to be involved or face exclusion, then the number of Lords could be higher but the payroll bill for them much lower.
LONDON, June 12 (KUNA) -- British House of Commons (lower house) members rejected on Tuesday a proposal by the House of Lords (upper chamber) that would force the government to give the parliament a broad powers to manage EU Brexit negotiations.
IT has been announced that Downing Street has nominated nine new Tory peers to sit in the House of Lords. Lucky people!
He discussed during meeting with delegation of UK House of Lords at the Republican Palace, Thursday , relations of cooperation sin all fields and process of Sudanese-British dialogue and the role that could be played by Britain in this connection.