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The study looks at use of three classes of psychiatric drugs: antidepressants; sedatives, hypnotics and antianxiety medications; and antipsychotics.
Several methods are known to control these conditions, such as the use of anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics. In this group, benzodiazepines are the most consumed and, when properly used, can increase the patients' well-being and the quality of dental treatment [1, 2].
These may be used as hypnotics. Mirtazapine is an anti depressant with sedative property, may be used as a hypnotic.
Since the new non-benzodiazepine hypnotics increase slow wave sleep, the likelihood of inducing sleepwalking or other sleep behavior increases in people with a history of sleep walking.
The associations held in separate analyses of several different hypnotics, including new short-acting hypnotics and older hypnotics, and after poor health was controlled for.
Rough order-of-magnitude estimates suggest that in 2010, hypnotics may have been associated with 320,000-507,000 ex cess deaths in the United States alone, the investigators reported.
Those drugs had been thought to be safer than older hypnotics because of their shorter duration of action.
A meta-analysis updated and expanded 22 previously published studies conducted between 1996 and 2007, involving falls among 79 081 participants aged over 60, and evaluated nine drug classes--antihypertensive agents, diuretics, beta-blockers, sedatives and hypnotics, neuroleptics and antipsychotics, antidepressants, benzodiazepines, narcotics, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
prescribing guidelines for hypnotics for depressed patients need an overhaul, according to John Donoghue, a research pharmacist at Liverpool (England) John Moores University.
The article "Hypnotics and driving: FDA action and clinical trials show need for precautions" (CURRENT PSYCHIATRY, April 2007, p.
Last month, the Food and Drug Administration approved an insomnia drug with a unique mechanism of action and several features unique among hypnotics approved for insomnia: It is not a controlled substance and does not produce some CNS side effects associated with other hypnotics approved for insomnia, according to one of the drug's investigators.