Hypothesis

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Hypothesis

An assumption or theory.

During a criminal trial, a hypothesis is a theory set forth by either the prosecution or the defense for the purpose of explaining the facts in evidence. It also serves to set up a ground for an inference of guilt or innocence, or a showing of the most probable motive for a criminal offense.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Now, we briefly introduce some definitions underlying Sequential Hypothesis Testing (SHT), a well-known statistical inference, used in our proposed algorithm.
At a given significance level of hypothesis testing [alpha], if W [much less than] [W.sub.[alpha]], the distribution is nonnormal; otherwise, the distribution is normal.
Another popular type of hypothesis testing is equivalence.
In the table which has been set and named as hypothesis testing, inferential statistics known as Pearson correlation coefficient (R) is used.
In this study, we combine the benefits of [alpha]-cut approach proposed by Buckley for the hypothesis testing procedure and GST.
confidence intervals should replace the use of hypothesis testing.
However, by formulating the DP problem as a linear regression and appealing to results from econometrics, it is argued below that equation (1) is appropriate for both hypothesis testing and confidence intervals.
Next, we talked about whether the relationship was statistically significant by considering hypothesis testing. The null and alternative hypotheses about the relationship between rebounds and points scored in the population was written as
The scientific method has been described as consisting of the following five steps: (1) problem identification, (2) hypothesis formulation, (3) designing and conducting research, (4) hypothesis testing, and (5) interpretation (Christensen, 1988).
Each submission must employ one or more fundamental principles of epidemiology, ranging from ethics to hypothesis testing.
Nonetheless, comparisons of phylogenetic patterns between independent datasets in which one data set can be used to control for one or more potentially relevant parameters offers a valid method of hypothesis testing. Additionally, through phylogenetic analyses such as these, we can target those taxa and genomic regions that warrant further investigation.