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An assumption or theory.

During a criminal trial, a hypothesis is a theory set forth by either the prosecution or the defense for the purpose of explaining the facts in evidence. It also serves to set up a ground for an inference of guilt or innocence, or a showing of the most probable motive for a criminal offense.


noun assertion, assignment of cause, assumption, conclusion drawn from accepted truths, conjecture, deduction, guess, inference, postulate, postulation, speculation, suggestion, supposal, surmise, tentative explanation, tentative law, theory, thesis, unproved theory
See also: assumption, basis, belief, conclusion, conjecture, deduction, generalization, idea, inference, opinion, postulate, presumption, prolepsis, proposition, speculation, supposition, theory, thesis
References in periodicals archive ?
2) Introduction to Hypothesis Testing and Testing for Means in Six Sigma
Topics include correlation, regression, probability, sampling distributions, hypothesis testing, and analysis of variance.
The fourth section, STATISTICAL INFERENCE, teaches basic concepts of statistical inference, including hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, and sample size and power.
Among the methods are confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, categorical data, and epidemiological method.
Their intention is to provide a self study guide as well as a classroom text and they succeed admirably, starting with simple material on how statistics work and proceeding to descriptive statistics, probability and probability distributions, sampling and sampling distributions, experimental design and clinical trials, hypothesis testing, linear correlation and regression, non-parametric statistical methods, and for this edition, a new chapter on evidence-based veterinary medicine and the CONSORT statement.
Coverage progresses from theoretical foundations through various measures, inferential statistics, hypothesis testing, multivariate statistics, and ANOVA.
He works through statistical parameters in terms of the measures of central tendency and variation, standard scores, the z distribution, hypothesis testing, inferential statistics, including baloney detection, correlation and regression, the t test for independent and dependent groups, analysis of variance for a variety of situations, functional analysis of variance, nonparametric statistics and other statistical parameters and tests.
These analytics include data mining, clustering, decision trees, market basket analysis, regression modeling, neural nets, genetic algorithms, text mining, hypothesis testing, decision analytics, and so on.
Topics include foundation concepts, including models and sources of data, linear regression and attenuation, regression calibrations, simulation extrapolation, instrumental variables, score function methods, likelihood and "quasilikelihood," Bayesian methods, hypothesis testing, nonparametric estimation, semiparametric regression, survival data, and response variable error.
Video games teach logic, hypothesis testing, and problem-solving.
The testing of hypotheses that the Court's emphasized language requires is called "hypothesis testing" and as the Court's quotations indicate, hypothesis testing is the essence of the scientific method.