# Weight

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WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre of the earth.
2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:

```                 1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common
dealings of life.
27 1/3 1/2 grains  =    1 dram
16 drams           =    1 ounce
16 ounces          =    1 pound, (lb.)
28 pounds          =    1 quarter, (qr.)
4 quarters         =    1 hundred weight, (cwt.)
20 hundred weight  =    1 ton.

2d. Used for meat and fish.
8 pounds           =    1 stone

3d. Used in the wool trade.
Cwt. qr.  lb.
7 pounds           =    1 clove 14 pounds           =    1 stone  =   0
0   14
2 stones           =    1 tod    =   0    1    0
6 1/2 tods         =    1 wey    =   1    2   14
2 weys             =    1 sack   =   3    1    0 12 sacks            =    1
last   =  39    0    0

4th. Used for butter and cheese.
8 pounds           =    1 clove
56 pounds          =    1 firkin.

2. TROY WEIGHT.
24 grams           =    1 pennyweight
20 pennyweights    =    1 ounce
12 ounces          =    1 pound.
```

4. These are the denominations of troy weight, when used for weighing gold, silver and precious stones, except diamonds. Troy weight is also used by apothecaries in compounding medicines; and by them the ounce is divided into eight drams, and the drain into three scruples, so that the latter is equal to twenty grains. For scientific purposes, the grain only is used, and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one-hundredth of a grain. The caret, used for weighing diamonds, is three and one-sixth grains.
5. A short account of the French weights and measures is given under the article Measure.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
"IBW people spend weeks away from their families every year - with little or no thanks from politicians - but a lot of gratitude from Welsh businesses and universities.
Surely, the minister should be extending congratulations to IBW who have beaten most of their regional rivals and, more importantly, generated or saved nearly 7,500 jobs at a time when we have lost nearly 50,000 in the Welsh private sector due to the recession?
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Suggested altered dosing schedules for morbid obesity (11) Medication Proposed weight Dosage alterations Anticoagulants Heparin - ABW Low molecular Higher end of dose range for weight heparin prophylaxis (LMWH) - ABW Anticonvulsants Phenytoin - ABW 1 500 mg for patients 125 - 150% 14 mg/kg IBW + IBW and 2 000 mg for patients 19 mg/kg for weighing more than 150% IBW the weight in excess of IBW Anti-infectives Aminoglycosides Either on ABW with a 12-hour - ABW IBW + dosing schedule, or ABW with a 40% of weight once daily dosing regimen, > IBW limiting the daily dose, e.g.
The dualistic linear model (DGC = [B.sub.0] + [B.sub.1] x I[S.sub.W] + [B.sub.2] x FL) could describe the relationship among the DGC of Chinese shrimp, its initial body weight (IBW) and feeding levels (FL) (Table 1).
A market for IBW solutions based on DAS has been steadily growing and ABI Research found in a recent analysis that the market stands to top \$1 B annually by 2010.
But a low-inspiratory stretch approach, using a tidal volume of 6 mL/kg of IBW, gives priority to protecting lung tissue.
at IBW 34.5% below IBW 44.8% above IBW 20.7% Because of the low number of responses for males, only a collective mean was determined.
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Consolidated revenues for the quarter were USD20.2m, consisting of USD8.7m from the In-Building Wireless (IBW) segment and USD11.5m from the Communication Solutions Group (CSG) segment.

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