# Weight

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WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre of the earth.
2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:

```                 1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common
dealings of life.
27 1/3 1/2 grains  =    1 dram
16 drams           =    1 ounce
16 ounces          =    1 pound, (lb.)
28 pounds          =    1 quarter, (qr.)
4 quarters         =    1 hundred weight, (cwt.)
20 hundred weight  =    1 ton.

2d. Used for meat and fish.
8 pounds           =    1 stone

3d. Used in the wool trade.
Cwt. qr.  lb.
7 pounds           =    1 clove 14 pounds           =    1 stone  =   0
0   14
2 stones           =    1 tod    =   0    1    0
6 1/2 tods         =    1 wey    =   1    2   14
2 weys             =    1 sack   =   3    1    0 12 sacks            =    1
last   =  39    0    0

4th. Used for butter and cheese.
8 pounds           =    1 clove
56 pounds          =    1 firkin.

2. TROY WEIGHT.
24 grams           =    1 pennyweight
20 pennyweights    =    1 ounce
12 ounces          =    1 pound.
```

4. These are the denominations of troy weight, when used for weighing gold, silver and precious stones, except diamonds. Troy weight is also used by apothecaries in compounding medicines; and by them the ounce is divided into eight drams, and the drain into three scruples, so that the latter is equal to twenty grains. For scientific purposes, the grain only is used, and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one-hundredth of a grain. The caret, used for weighing diamonds, is three and one-sixth grains.
5. A short account of the French weights and measures is given under the article Measure.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
A previous study conducted between two groups of rocronium, in group-I rocronium given was calculated with total body weight and in group-II atracurium given was calculated with ideal body weight.
Three patients in the ideal body weight group underwent supracostal punctures; all others were infracostal.
However, additional study is needed to determine the optimal blood concentration of hydroxychloroquine and the impact of toxicity with actual weight-based dosing rather than ideal body weight dosing.
Maintain your ideal body weight to reduce excess pressure on your legs with a healthy diet high in fibre and low in fat and salt.
Morbidly obese: A state of adiposity in which body weight is 100 per cent above the ideal body weight; a body mass index of 45 or greater
A Hypno-Gastric Band is ideal for clients who either struggle to lose weight or maintain their natural ideal body weight. John has been offering the Hypno-Gastric Band technique for around 12 months and has many delighted and satisfied clients who have seen their weight reduce and their eating habits change for the better.
He said there is no true cure for diabetes so the main focus should be on prevention and that ultimately it is about ideal body weight, which can be figured out by taking the height in centimetres and subtracting a 100 from it.