Idiot

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IDIOT, Persons. A person who has been without understanding from his nativity, and whom the law, therefore, presumes never likely to attain any. Shelf. on Lun. 2.
     2. It is an imbecility or sterility of mind, and not a perversion of the understanding. Chit. Med. Jur. 345, 327, note s; 1 Russ. on Cr. 6; Bac. Ab. h.t. A; Bro. Ab. h.t.; Co. Litt. 246, 247; 3 Mod. 44; 1 Vern. 16; 4 Rep. 126; 1 Bl. Com. 302. When a man cannot count or number twenty, nor tell his father's or mother's name, nor how old he is, having been frequently told of it, it is a fair presumption that, he is devoid of understanding. F. N. B. 233. Vide 1 Dow, P. C. now series, 392; S. C. 3 Bligh, R. new series, 1. Persons born deaf, dumb, and blind, are, presumed to be idiots, for the senses being the only inlets of knowledge, and these, the most important of them, being closed, all ideas and associations belonging to them are totally excluded from their minds. Co. Litt. 42 Shelf. on Lun. 3. But this is a mere presumption, which, like most others, may be rebutted; and doubtless a person born deaf, dumb, and blind, who could be taught to read and write, would not be considered an idiot. A remarkable instance of such an one may be found in the person of Laura Bridgman, who has been taught how to converse and even to write. This young woman was, in the year 1848, at school at South Boston. Vide Locke on Human Understanding, B. 2 c. 11, Sec. 12, 13; Ayliffe's Pand. 234; 4 Com. Dig. 610; 8 Com. Dig. 644.
     3. Idiots are incapable of committing crimes, or entering into contracts. They cannot of course make a will; but they may acquire property by descent.
     Vide, generally, 1 Dow's Parl. Cas. new series, 392; 3 Bligh's R. 1; 19 Ves. 286, 352, 353; Stock on the Law of Non Compotes Mentis; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Os dados que possuimos para cidades como Halicarnasso ou Colofon confirmam que aqui as assembleias de cidadaos eram muito frequentadas e nao vejo porque tenhamos de avaliar os seus membros como meros idiotes egoistas e nao como politai mais ou menos abnegados e mais ou menos interessados pela sua cidade.
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Os gregos restringiam a cidadania aos que consideravam como indignos de abitar o espaco publico, definindo-os como aneu logou ou idiotes, ou seja, aquele que nao reune capacidade e condicoes de pensar e de falar por si mesmo.
Angoisse, nom d'un village meconnu de Dordogne, presente au contraire une physionomie plus classique et ressemble a un catalogue photographique ou, a travers un surinvestissement du mot angoisse, des images de lieux fort anonymes prennent une connotation dysphorique A travers la polyse-mie angoisse/Angoisse qui cree un court-circuit entre nos images mentales du concept d'angoisse et les images idiotes du village, et se concretise dans des legendes comme "eglise d'angoisse," "bar d'an-goisse.