Thus, liberal democracy has a tendency to deteriorate into one or the other of its perversions -- illiberal democracy
or undemocratic liberalism.
While the third wave was still unfolding, illiberal democracy
began to rise on the altars of liberalization reforms that triggered the transitions.
A second advantage of illiberal democracy
as a category of regime is that its very breadth invites political scientists to locate and specify diverse types of illiberal democracies.
Democracies contain risks that a malevolent party or candidate could come to power, but a preemptive strategy, like the one in Algeria in 1991 or Zakaria's proposal that countries remain dictatorships while the middle class and civil society grows, is much more likely to lead to human rights violations and less development than an illiberal democracy
NORTON has brought out a paperback edition of Fareed Zakaria's The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy
at Home and Abroad ([pounds sterling]9.
See Fareed Zakaria, The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy
at Home and Abroad (New York: W.
We can classify all countries as belonging to one of four basic types of political order: liberal democracy, liberal autocracy, illiberal democracy
, and illiberal autocracy.
The illiberal democracy
phenomenon may also be the result of its environment.
Therefore, political liberalization in these states is manifested in the changing architecture of the state with civil society remaining both limited and circumscribed"(31) Indeed, illiberal democracy
bears three distinctive characteristics: (1) a non-neutral (i.
In July 2014, Viktor Orban proclaimed in a speech following his April re-election as prime minister that Hungary was "an illiberal democracy
And no illiberal democracy
can succeed to the extent that it closes itself off to cooperation.
No country can become an EU member while violating human rights and being an illiberal democracy