Duty

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Duty

A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

duty

n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, low import tariffs together with a not-so-conducive macroeconomic and security situation and weak contract enforcement have hindered FDI inflows, particularly in manufacturing.
The abolishment of import tariffs and trade protectionist policies has transformed Laos into a new attractive market in the region.
market access will widen further in 2019, as the import tariff on Australian wine will become 0.
To Ma and McLean, import tariffs are just one medium through which U.S.
In a report, the bank said, 'Import tariffs make the US less competitive by raising the prices of raw materials.
The head of the Iranian Automobile and Spare Parts Importers Association, Meysam Rezaei, says, "As per the court ruling, the government should have complied and rolled back the new import tariffs on February 10."
price index for manufactured goods fell by an estimated 7.6 percent, mostly because the lowering of Chinese import tariffs enhanced China's competitiveness.
Under Atiga, the import tariff on gasoline from Asean nations is currently at 20 per cent, and at 5 per cent for diesel, kerosene and fuel oil.
This figure emerged despite the Kingdom's efforts to fight smoking by increasing import tariffs on certain tobacco products by up to 150 percent.
BRUSSELS (TAP) - German Chancellor Angela Merkel declared she seeks to reach an agreement with China over import tariffs and avoid triggering a trade war.
But we have eased our import tariffs on three commodities from Sri Lanka-namely crude coconut oil, betel leaves, and bottle cooling machines."
Import tariffs on frozen garlic from outside the EU are lower than rates for fresh garlic.