Innovation

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INNOVATION. Change of a thing established for something new.
     2. Innovations are said to be dangerous, as likely to unsettle the common law. Co. Litt. 370, b; Id. 282, b. Certainly no innovations ought to be made by the courts, but as every thing human, is mutable, no legislation can be, or ought to be immutable; changes are required by the alteration of circumstances; amendments, by the imperfections of all human institutions but laws ought never to be changed without great deliberation, and a due consideration of the reasons on which they were founded, as of the circumstances under which they were enacted. Many innovations have been made. in the common law, which philosophy, philanthropy and common sense approve. The destruction of the benefit of clergy; of appeal, in felony; of trial by battle and ordeal; of the right of sanctuary; of the privilege to abjure the realm; of approvement, by which any criminal who could, in a judicial combat, by skill, force or fraud kill his accomplice, secured his own pardon of corruption of blood; of constructive treason; will be sanctioned; by all wise men, and none will desire a return to these barbarisms. The reader is referred to the case of James v. the Commonwealth, 12 Serg. & R. 220, and 225 to 2 Duncan, J., exposes the absurdity of some ancient laws, with much sarcasm.

INNOVATION, Scotch law. The exchange of one obligation for another, so that the second shall come in the place of the first. Bell's Scotch Law Dict. h. t. The same as Novation. (q. v.)

References in periodicals archive ?
The results indicate that the base of the pyramid consumers is characterized by adopting incremental innovations tardily, as pointed out by the literature.
Therefore a firm may choose not to follow every incremental innovation and decide to 'leapfrog' their competitor with new incremental innovations.
The results suggest that regional aid does not discriminate according to access to coded methods, size, sectoral technological intensity, R&D intensity, export orientation or the level of product, process or incremental innovation. However, having foreign capital and being a science-based company decreases the probability of receiving regional aid for innovation.
Fourth, the database must have sufficient observations to allow for meaningful statistical analysis, including observations for both measure purification (i.e., incremental innovation generation) and causal modeling using multivariate methods (which is beyond the scope of this study).
This process of adaptation leads to incremental innovations through repeated interactions with the environment.
And by being held accountable to the dominant owners for their misjudgments, the managers will opt for lower-risk strategies and continuous improvements on established products, focusing on incremental innovation to build a competitive edge over their competitors.
Bangalore, May 1 -- Gmail Lab is the hub of incremental innovation and the newly launched module (rather, the improved version) of Google search box makes Gmail a lot more productive and collaborative tool.
Figure 6 compares the evolution of the probability of occurrence of an incremental innovation, technological adoption, output growth and unemployment in our benchmark experiment (dashed line) and in the case of a larger network externality (plain line).
Michael Schrage, a research associate at MIT's Media Lab and author of "Serious Play: How the World's Best Companies Simulate to Innovate," calls this approach "disruptive incremental innovation." Examples of this include cartoonist Scott Adams's early use of his e-mail address on his Dilbert comic strip, which proved brilliantly innovative because fans then sent Adams ideas.
Thus PI activities as an innovation vehicle are limited to incremental innovation within a single dimension, that is, clinical quality.
An incremental innovation is one that is easy for an organization to implement and treat as part of the organizational routine, because the innovation requires little modification to itself or to the firm's current routines, processes and actions.
For instance, incremental innovation reapplies existing technology and business practices.

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