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An individual who is in current possession of a particular office and who is legally authorized to discharge the duties of that office.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INCUMBENT, eccles. law. A clerk resident on his benefice with cure; he is so called because he does, or ought to, bend the whole of his studies to his duties. In common parlance, it signifies one who is in the possession of an office, as, the present incumbent.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The oil prices fell in the international market in early eighties, causing a decrease in oil revenues, making incumbant upon the host countries to slash down their developmental out-lays, causing a setback to the overseas workers.
ISLAMABAD -- The Supreme Court on Monday ordered Sindh Public Service Commission (SPSC) to stop all new appointments till its judgment in the case regarding appointment/eligibility of the incumbant Chairman and members of the Commission.
The UK's largest housing association has announced the appointment of its new chief executive officer following the retirement of the incumbant after 15 years at the helm.
He or she would be the fourth incumbant in as many years.
It's all in the mind, and although Alex Ferguson riled Keegan with his mind games, the latest incumbant to the England hot seat will have learned a great deal from his experiences in management.
It was as BB's straight man that Derek first became known on TV when he replaced the first incumbant, Rodney Bewes.
But there it was, at the end of the tenancy, after the incumbant had packed up and left the house for good.