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An individual who is in current possession of a particular office and who is legally authorized to discharge the duties of that office.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INCUMBENT, eccles. law. A clerk resident on his benefice with cure; he is so called because he does, or ought to, bend the whole of his studies to his duties. In common parlance, it signifies one who is in the possession of an office, as, the present incumbent.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
At meron ding mga bago na yung kursunadang komite ay merong incumbent na hindi reelectionist, nakaupo talaga.
Rodriguez will replace his younger brother, incumbent Cagayan de Oro Rep.
Two Fremont Elementary School District 79 trustees headed to victory in a six-way race Tuesday night, and a third incumbent had a razor-thin lead to stay on the board.
The second and third sentences allow incumbent members of the General Assembly to dictate the method their party shall use in selecting the nominee for the office that incumbent holds.
Zimmerman emphasizes the importance of domestic politics over incumbents' decision making process and the role of structures in domestic politics in shaping the incumbents' survival strategy by providing the historical background for U.S.
In the seventh general elections, the 'voters' rejected the incumbents as by that time the threat of being declared a terrorist state had completely receded.
Incumbent candidate Pema Tenzin from Chhukha secured 1,586 votes.
Republicans Express More Support Than Democrats for Incumbents
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The paper explicates the effects of incumbent and successor personality congruence relative to a key aspect of the intra-family succession process: effective role transition.
With that one exception, the districts are represented by incumbent lawmakers who are very likely to win another term.