Infanticide


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INFANTICIDE, med. juris. The murder of a new born infant, Dalloz, Dict. Homicide, Sec. 4; Code Penal, 300. There is a difference between this offence and those known by the name of prolicide, (q.v.) and foeticide. (q.v.)
     2. To commit infanticide the child must be wholly born; it is not. Sufficient that it was born so far as the head and breathed, if it died before it was wholly born. 5 Carr. & Payn. 329; 24 Eng. C. L. Rep. 344; S. C. 6 Carr: & Payn. 349; S. C. 25 Eng. C. L. Rep. 433.
     3. When this crime is to be proved from circumstances, it is proper to consider whether the child had attained that size and maturity by which it would have been enabled to maintain an independent existence; whether it was born alive; and, if born alive, by what means it came to its death. 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 331 to 428, where these several questions are learnedly considered. See also 1 Briand, Med Leg. prem. part. c. 8 Cooper's Med. Jur. h.t. Vide Ryan's Med. Jur. 137; Med. Jur. 145, 194; Dr. Cummin's Proof of Infanticide considered Lecieux, Considerations Medico-legales sur l'Infanticide; Duvergie, Medicine Legale, art. Infanticide.

References in periodicals archive ?
Like the English law, the Canadian law tied the offence of infanticide to an imbalance of the mother's mind because of giving birth.
Infanticide was committed mainly by unmarried domestic servants in their late teens to mid-twenties and must be viewed, first and foremost, within the context of the way unmarried mothers were viewed in mid-twentieth-century Ireland.
LEAF points out that the offence of infanticide, which carries a maximum sentence of five years imprisonment, "is intended to account for the complex and gendered social, economic, psychological and medical context in which the offence occurs.
The tendency of males to kill unrelated offspring to increase their own chance of mating provides a basis for the interrelationship among uncertain paternity, infanticide and promiscuity (Cicirello and Wolff, 1990; Ebensperger, 1998; Wolff and Macdonald, 2004).
Police statistics in Austria were used to compare cases of suspected infanticide in 1995-2001 versus 2002-2006.
Alice joins the experts and explores the theory that the infanticide was the result of a Roman brothel.
Infanticide may represent an important selective agent for postparturient females.
The data for West Yorkshire means that there is a one in 72,000 chance of being a victim of murder, manslaughter or infanticide here in the region.
The author examines the phenomenon of spirit children who are victims or at risk of infanticide because they are deformed or ill, their births occurred with tragic events, or they display unusual abilities, and family members see them as spirits sent from the bush to cause misfortune and poverty and destroy the family.
Female infanticide, the prevalent form of sex-selective infanticide is the systematic killing of girls at or soon after birth".