Inference

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Inference

In the law of evidence, a truth or proposition drawn from another that is supposed or admitted to be true. A process of reasoning by which a fact or proposition sought to be established is deduced as a logical consequence from other facts, or a state of facts, already proved or admitted. A logical and reasonable conclusion of a fact not presented by direct evidence but which, by process of logic and reason, a trier of fact may conclude exists from the established facts. Inferences are deductions or conclusions that with reason and common sense lead the jury to draw from facts which have been established by the evidence in the case.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

inference

n. a rule of logic applied to evidence in a trial, in which a fact is "proved" by presenting other "facts" which lead to only one reasonable conclusion--that if A and B are true, then C is. The process is called "deduction" or "deductive reasoning," and is a persuasive form of circumstantial evidence. (See: circumstantial evidence)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

INFERENCE. A conclusion drawn by reason from premises established by proof.
     2. It is the province of the judge who is to decide upon the facts to draw the inference. When the facts are submitted to the court, the judges draw the inference; when they are to be ascertained by a jury, it is their duty to do so. The witness is not permitted as a general rule to draw an inference, and testify that to the court or jury. It is his duty to state the facts simply as they occurred. Inferences differ from presumptions. (q.v.)

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ramos and colleagues (2012) thus contended that inferences were facilitated if they increased the coherence of the available information, and that inferences played a central role in this processing.
It is worth stressing that today's computational inference does not merely check to see if Facebook users posted phrases like "I'm depressed" or "I feel terrible." The technology is more sophisticated than that: Machine-learning algorithms are fed huge amounts of data, and the computer program itself categorises who is more likely to become depressed.
In the event that the evidence presented at trial establishes or permits the inference that such prerequisites exist as to any specific lost item of evidence, the Court's denial of this motion is not an impediment to Quick Fitting (or the Wai Feng parties) seeking an adverse inference instruction or a curative sanction (such as preclusion) at that time.
These circumstances do not preclude a reasonable inference that Maack did not participate in the activity of storing methamphetamine paraphernalia in the home, the court concluded.
Myriad X is the newest generation in a lineage of Movidius VPUs, which are purpose-built for embedded visual intelligence and inference. Movidius VPUs achieve significant performance at low power with the merging of three architectural elements to provide sustained high-performance on deep learning and computer vision workloads, namely an array of programmable VLIW vector processors with an instruction set tuned to computer vision and deep learning workloads; a collection of hardware accelerators supporting image signal processing, computer vision, and deep learning inferences; and commonly accessible intelligent memory fabric that minimises data movement on chip.
However, students with higher intrinsic motivation are found to be more effective because "if students adopt learning goals such as making reading inferences then they can engage in deeper, more self-regulated learning strategies and perform better, particularly in the face of challenge or setbacks" (Ames, 1992 p.
Binder, Trial Advocacy: Inferences, Arguments, and Techniques 2-3 (1996); Peter Murphy, Murphy on Evidence 20-21 (10th ed.
Our system extracts not only knowledge but also definition which is a rule of the inference from web documents and can generate answers about the knowledge that is not listed in web documents by logical inference using the definition.
You may not realize it, but you use the same process to make inferences in everyday life.
His discussion of distinct matter focuses on noncausal operations that are permanent, irresistible, and universal (Treatise 1.4.1.1), showing that the belief in causal inference and the belief in distinct matter cannot both be defeasibly justified and that the reliability theory of justification explains why only the belief in causal inference can be defeasibly justified.
Based on its recent analysis of the North American intelligent virtual agent (IVA) market, Frost & Sullivan recognizes Inference Solutions with the 2019 North American Customer Value Leadership Award for its flexible and scalable IVA platform.