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Clinical and serologic data, age, thyroid peroxidase auto-antibodies (TPOAb), thyro-globulin autoantibodies (tgAb), thyroid stimulant hormone (TSH), B-mode ultrasonography, mean peak systolic velocity (mPSV), mean end-diastolic velocity (EDV), mean resistive index (RI) flows of superior thyroid artery, inferior thyroid artery measured with proper angle (45-60degC) were measured.
The major relations of the tubercle are the recurrent laryngeal nerve and the inferior thyroid artery and its branches.
In 96 (92%) patients, the inferior thyroid artery was identified.
It then ascends in the neck, traveling from lateral to medial in an oblique course, crossing the inferior thyroid artery and eventually approaches the tracheoesophageal groove behind the common carotid artery.
Fistula formation with the common aortic arch, common carotid artery, superior and inferior thyroid artery and innominate veins have also been reported.
Resistance and pulsatility indices, diameter of inferior thyroid artery and its flow velocity are parameters prone to pathologic and morphologic changes20-24.
A four vessel angiogram was then obtained which revealed an actively bleeding branch of the right inferior thyroid artery.

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