Informed Consent

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Informed Consent

Assent to permit an occurrence, such as surgery, that is based on a complete disclosure of facts needed to make the decision intelligently, such as knowledge of the risks entailed or alternatives.

The name for a fundamental principle of law that a physician has a duty to reveal what a reasonably prudent physician in the medical community employing reasonable care would reveal to a patient as to whatever reasonably foreseeable risks of harm might result from a proposed course of treatment. This disclosure must be afforded so that a patient—exercising ordinary care for his or her own welfare and confronted with a choice of undergoing the proposed treatment, alternative treatment, or none at all—can intelligently exercise judgment by reasonably Balancing the probable risks against the probable benefits.

informed consent

n. agreement to do something or to allow something to happen only after all the relevant facts are known. In contracts, an agreement may be reached only if there has been full disclosure by both parties of everything each party knows which is significant to the agreement. A patient's consent to a medical procedure must be based on his/her having been told all the possible consequences, except in emergency cases when such consent cannot be obtained. A physician or dentist who does not tell all the possible bad news as well as the good, operates at his/her peril of a lawsuit if anything goes wrong. In criminal law, a person accused or even suspected of a crime cannot give up his/her legal rights such as remaining silent or having an attorney, unless he/she has been fully informed of his/her rights. (See: consent, Miranda warning)

References in periodicals archive ?
Some categories of research may be awarded a waiver of the need for informed consent following research ethics committee review, for example where the research holds only minimally increased risks above standard care, where important research would not feasibly be possible without the waiver, and in emergency research situations.
In the face of a global legislative and regulatory assault on Informed Consent rights, NSF's unique initiative has widespread significance since all involuntary mandates fall before the settled law protecting Informed Consent.
The complexity of ensuring informed consent is highlighted, by the evidence that RCT participants do not understand at least some aspects of RCTs despite signing informed consent forms and the availability of ethical guidelines internationally (Brown, Butow, Butt, Moore, & Tattersall, 2004; Flory & Emmanuel, 2004; Joffe, Cook, Clearly, Clark, & Weeks, 2001).
The Preamble of the Rules of Professional Conduct defines informed consent as follows:
In practice, however, patients' relatives are still commonly asked to participate in informed consent procedures.
In keeping with our institution's anaesthesia informed consent procedure, additional specific written information about each anaesthesia risk was not given to the patient to take home.
Additionally it is also important to expand the elements to include the following, considering the ongoing nature of the Informed Consent process:
While cases of inadequate informed consent often go to court quietly, situations involving wrong-patient, wrong-procedure, wrong-site surgery capture headlines.
Much is known about the process of informed consent from its widespread practice in the medical arena.
The final rule does not dictate where in the informed consent document the statement must appear.
This section considers the legal and professional status of the radiographer, examining informed consent requirements for practising radiographers in South Africa.
Mentally ill persons are regarded as potentially vulnerable to exploitation in research because their mental illness may inhibit their ability to give fully informed consent to participation.