It was not closed until 1972, when inmates
brought suit in a federal court against the repressive conditions at Parchman.
district court judge ruled that confinement in lockdown units was harmful to certain inmates
, notably those with mental illnesses or those at risk of developing them.
Quiet, meek inmates
, acting in concert and according to a strict timetable not only made for a stable institutional environment but would, in theory, make prisoners amenable to the rules of the wider community.
For AU's legal team, Pratt's meticulous 140-page ruling capped more than three years of hard work, including extensive research and on-site visits with inmates
and their families in Newton.
He reported that during December he had consensual, unprotected, receptive anal intercourse with 2 male inmates
at the correctional facility; both of these inmates
had chronic HIV infection.
Many qualified inmates
at USDB take advantage of the many treatment and vocational programs available.
This number represented approximately two-thirds of all inmates
freed from custody that year.
In February 1999, the Sacramento Sheriffs Department settled a class-action lawsuit alleging numerous acts of torture, including mock executions, where guards strapped inmates
into a restraint chair, coveted their faces with masks, and told the inmates
they were about to be electrocuted.
When the smoke and rear gas cleared, 29 inmates
and 10 prison guards had been killed, all, according to autopsy reports, by gunshot wounds inflicted by th e National Guardsmen.
The prison decided to serve meatless meals only to inmates
who were vegetarian for health or religious reasons, and the court said there is a distinction between moral and religious beliefs (Sammons v.
constitute 25 percent of the world's prisoners.