INSTITOR, civ. law. A clerk in a store an agent.
     2. He was so called because he watched over the business with which he was charged; and it is immaterial whether he was employed in making a sale in a store, or whether charged with any other business. Institor appellatus est ex eo, quod negotio gerendo instet; nec multum facit tabernae sit praepositus, an cuilibet alii negotiationi. Dig. lib. 14, tit. 3, l. 3. Mr., Bell says, that the charge given to a clerk to manage a store or shop, is called institorial power. 1 Bell's Com. 479, 6th ed.; Ersk. Inst. B. 3, t. 3, Sec. 46; 1 Stair's Inst. by Brodie, B. 1, tit. 11, Sec. 12, 18, 19; Story on Ag. 8.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
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Asi, cuando el hijo o bien el esclavo negociaban con sus clientes, por orden del paterfamilias o de su dueno, estos, segun los casos, podian demandar por el Derecho del pretor con una actio quodiussu (13) (por orden del dueno), bien con una actio institoria (14) (por los negocios realizados y los beneficios adquiridos mediante un institor sujeto a praepositio) bien con una actio exercitoria (15) (por los negocios realizados y los beneficios adquiridos mediante un exercitor o bien por su magisternavissujeto a una praepositio).
(1994) Business managers in Ancient Rome: A social and economic study of institores (200 B.C.--AD 250.
Now, hardened in her brazenness and available to any traveling salesman or Spanish ship's captain, she lacks the discrimination to choose her adulteries from within her own class, and the sense of shame to pursue them discreetly (iussa coram non sine conscio / surgit marito, seu vocat institor / seu navis Hispanae magister, / dedecorum pretiosus emptor, 3.6.29-32).
On the rather slim basis of the antiphon for Mark 16:1--"Dum transisset sabbatum Maria Magdalena et Maria Iacobi et Salome emerunt aromata" (When the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdela, Mary the Mother of James, and Salome bought aromatic oils)--a character known as Mercator or Institor entered the Latin liturgical drama as early as the eleventh century.
Written by the Dominican priests Institor and Sprenger, this book was one of the principle manuals for persecuting witches.
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