For the OSA group, the insula cortex
was stimulated to induce OSA.
Random-effect analyses ([P.sub.unc] < 0.001, k = 10 vx) of Base-rSS and Post-rSS sessions showed rSS-related rise in [iFC.sub.SEMO] to the left angular gyrus, the right insula cortex
, the left postcentral gyrus, the left inferior parietal lobe, the anterior cingulate cortex, and the para-central lobe.
Soekadar et al., "Acquired self-control of insula cortex
modulates emotion recognition and brain network connectivity in schizophrenia," Human Brain Mapping, vol.
The neural mechanisms that initiate and sustain cooperation appear in many brain-imaging studies, and involve the anterior insula cortex
, a brain region that processes emotion and social norms.
Rectal stimulation with 5 mL air balloon distension activated the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC 7/10), insula cortex
(IC 7/10), prefrontal cortex (PFC 6/10), and thalamus (THAL 8/10) in most rats.