interference

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Interference

In the law of Patents, the presence of two pending applications, or an existing patent and a pending application that encompass an identical invention or discovery.

When interference exists, the Patent and Trademark Office conducts an investigation to ascertain the priority of invention between the conflicting applications, or the application and the patent. A patent is customarily granted to the earlier invention.

interference

noun antagonism, antipathy, bar, barrier, censure, check, collision, conflict, contravention, damper, disapproval, disturbance, encumbrance, fetter, frustration, hindrance, impediment, imposition, interception, intercession, intermediacy, interruption, intervention, intrusion, invasion, meddling, nuisance, obstruction, onus, opposition, resistance, restraint, setback, stricture, stumbling block
Associated concepts: contempt, frustration of contract, interrerence with contractual relations
See also: bar, barrier, burden, check, collision, conflict, damper, deterrence, deterrent, disadvantage, dispute, embargo, encroachment, encumbrance, fetter, filibuster, frustration, handicap, hiatus, hindrance, impediment, imposition, infringement, intercession, interruption, intervention, intrusion, invasion, mediation, molestation, nuisance, obstruction, onus, opposition, prohibition, resistance, restraint, veto
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, a stable interference fringe is formed in the photoelectric detector.
The set of Stokes parameters for interfered beams are dependent on the (y, [theta]) parameters; consequently, each interference fringe has different polarization states and they have associated three Poincare's spheres corresponding to the projected plasmon electric field over each plane.
Similar to the fringe ordering problem associated with interference microscopes using monochromatic light, the laser interference fringes measured by a vibrometer cannot distinguish the direction of MEMS motion.
An etalon of the material is illuminated with synchrotron radiation, and the interference fringes in the transmittance spectrum are measured using a Fourier transform spectrometer.
These include calculated interference fringes, along with stereoscopic effects and colouring, and can be created in a tenth of the time it took previously.
Caption: Testing the convex surfaces was done by looking at interference fringes with a matching concave surface of known quality.
However, the carrier frequency of [O.sup.*] R(x, 7) and O[R.sup.*] (x, 7) had the correspondence with the intensive interference fringes. In fact, the interference fringes in the space domain corresponded to the carrier frequency of [O.sup.*] R(x, 7) and O[R.sup.*] (x, 7) in the frequency domain.
This ~1 mm thick glass creates interference fringes on the FDML light (see Figure 3).
Quantitative estimation of the deformation of the contact surface was carried out by monitoring the deflection of the interference fringes of the so-called zero-order band.
The fine scale tracks a domain of typically 16 interference fringes with a spatial resolution typically 1/16 of a fringe.

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