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A specially constructed vessel to bring passengers and property across rivers and other bodies of water from one shoreline to another, making contact with a thoroughfare at each terminus. The landing place for a boat. A right or privilege to maintain a vessel upon a body of water in order to transport people and their vehicles across it in exchange for payment of a reasonable toll. Technically a ferry is considered a continuation of a highway from one side of the body of water that it passes over to the other.

The privilege of handling a ferry is called a franchise. A ferry franchise is a permit from the state to a specifically named individual giving that person the authority to operate a ferry. It is a general prerequisite to the lawful establishment of a public ferry. The operator of a ferry is not relieved of the duty to obtain a franchise by formation of a company, since the franchise becomes a contract between the owner and the state.

Usually the grant of a ferry franchise implicitly gives the recipient the power to collect tolls. Ferriage is the fare that the ferry operator may charge. The unauthorized establishment of another ferry within competing distance of an already existing one constitutes an infringement of the ferry franchise, even in the absence of physical interference.

A ferry franchise can be terminated either by expiration of its term or by revocation by the licensing authorities. It is generally subject to renewal, for which the original owner is usually given a preference.

A public ferry is for use by the public at large, whereas a private ferry is operated solely for the benefit of its proprietor.

The state has intrinsic authority to regulate and control ferries that operate within its borders. It may exercise such power by law or by contract with the operator. The state may regulate the transportation of dangerous articles, the nature and frequency of service, and the location of terminals. In addition, it may impose a license fee or tax on the operation of ferries within its boundaries.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a legal right to charge for transporting passengers by boat. See REGALIA MINORA.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
The conference will see 45 technical reports being presented by experts over three days with at least 500 delegates from 35 member countries of the Interferry group in attendance.
Summary: The 37th Interferry Conference & Exhibition; the foremost specialized conferences in the marine transport industry was opened today by Shaikh Maktoum bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy ruler of Dubai and Deputy Chairman of the Chairman of the Executive Council of Dubai.
The who's who of the world's marine transport industry will converge in Dubai between October 21 and 24 for the 37th Interferry Conference.
Summary: DUBAI u The Roads and Transport Authority (RTA) signed an MoU with Interferry, making Dubai the first city in the Middle East to host the annual Interferry conference in October 2012.
In particular, European ferry operators feel very vulnerable and this prompted an intervention by the Ferry Operators Association, Interferry, at last week's 58th meeting of the Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC) of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).