Note: An interlocking directorship
would occur if a Company A executive served on the board of Company B and an executive of Company B served on the board of Company A.
The corporate power elite in South Africa: interlocking directorships
among large enterprises.
Deeper knowledge about Congress and the interlocking directorships
of the NGOs would also be extremely helpful in further analysis.
(directorates) are more common in groups of outside directors, as they include a number of public and political figures who are recruited from other companies, and especially from the banking, insurance, and investment sectors (Scott, 1991).
last year amid concerns of potential conflicts from interlocking directorships
But then Silicon Valley's idea of corporate boards has long consisted of cosy, interlocking directorships
which would be considered collusion in most other industries.
Lester and Cannella (2006) propose interlocking directorships
as one means by which successful family firms might solve intra-family agency problems efficiently.
Additional criteria for qualifying as an independent director, including restrictions on interlocking directorships
, further limit the availability of CEOs and others in the business community for board appointments.
Reingold takes a swipe at interlocking directorships
, particularly in the case of AT&T and Citigroup, the indefeasible rights of use (IRUs) and their accounting treatment.
By means of interlocking directorships
, cross-shareholdings and other devices, groups of apparently different companies have formed, in fact, one enormous capitalist monopoly.
Chapter Three continues the economic analysis of elite unity by focusing on interlocking directorships
in the Canadian economy.
In a study of what constitutes effective ownership of corporations, a historic House Committee report highlighted two critical factors: (1) institutional stock and bond holdings and (2) interlocking directorships
(House Committee on Banking and Currency, 1968).