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Provisional; interim; temporary; not final; that which intervenes between the beginning and the end of a lawsuit or proceeding to either decide a particular point or matter that is not the final issue of the entire controversy or prevent irreparable harm during the pendency of the lawsuit.

Interlocutory actions are taken by courts when a Question of Law must be answered by an appellate court before a trial may proceed or to prevent irreparable harm from occurring to a person or property during the pendency of a lawsuit or proceeding. Generally, courts are reluctant to make interlocutory orders unless the circumstances surrounding the case are serious and require timely action.

Interlocutory appeals are restricted by state and federal appellate courts because courts do not want piecemeal litigation. Appeals courts generally review only cases that have reached final judgment in the trial courts. When a court administrator enters final judgment, this certifies that the trial court has ended its review of the case and jurisdiction shifts to the appellate court.

Interlocutory appeals are typically permitted when the trial judge certifies to the appellate court in an interlocutory order that an important question of law is in doubt and that it will substantially affect the final result of the case. Judicial economy then dictates that the court resolve the issue rather than subject the parties to a trial that may be reversed on an appeal from a final judgment.

Appellate courts have the discretion to review interlocutory orders. The federal courts of appeal are governed by the Interlocutory Appeals Act (28 U.S.C.A. § 1292). This act grants discretion to the courts of appeal to review interlocutory orders in civil cases where the district judge states in the order that a controlling question of law is in doubt and that the immediate resolution of the issue will materially advance the ultimate termination of litigation. State appellate courts are governed by statutes and court rules of appellate procedure regarding the review of interlocutory orders.When an appellate court reviews an interlocutory order, its decision on the matters contained in the order is final. The court enters an interlocutory judgment, which makes that part of the case final. Therefore, if a case proceeds to trial after an interlocutory judgment is entered, and an appeal from the trial court judgment follows, the matters decided by the interlocutory judgment cannot be reviewed by the court again.

Interlocutory orders may be issued in a Divorce proceeding to prevent injury or irreparable harm during the pendency of the lawsuit. For example, an interlocutory order may require one spouse to pay the other spouse a designated weekly sum for support, pending a decision on Alimony and Child Support. This prevents the spouse and children from being without income during the action.

Courts may also issue interlocutory orders where property is about to be sold or forfeited and a lawsuit has been filed seeking to stop the action. In this type of case, a court will enter an interlocutory Injunction, preventing the transfer of property until it has made a final decision. To do otherwise would cause irreparable harm and would complicate legal title to the property if the person contesting the transfer ultimately prevailed.

Thus, though the courts value finality in most proceedings, interlocutory orders and appeals are available to protect important rights and to enhance judicial economy.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj. provisional and not intended to by final. This usually refers to court orders which are temporary. (See: interlocutory decree)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


not final, while the action is still proceeding.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

INTERLOCUTORY. This word is applied to signify something which is done between the commencement and the end of a suit or action which decides some point or matter, which however is not a final decision of the matter in issue; as, interlocutory judgments, or decrees or orders. Vide Judgment, interlocutory.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Likewise, the order was not an appealable interlocutory order. The order did not adjudicate the underlying cause.
'Most interlocutory orders should not be challengeable at all (whether by way of appeal or revision).
District courts may also adjudicate interlocutory orders and decrees
In contrast to the Commission Scolaire Francophone case, the application judge in Zenon Park appears to have intended that the interlocutory order lead the parties to a settlement, stating that "it is to be hoped that compliance with the order will obviate the necessity for further proceedings." (117)
In Kinney, the CAAF issued an interlocutory order on 28 September 2001, requiring the government to answer additional questions certified by the court regarding National Criminal Information Center (NCIC) checks.
Until recently, parties seeking interlocutory relief have had few options.(19) Due to the restraints of the final judgment rule, which permits appeal only at the end of the litigation, courts have not been very receptive to attempts to appeal interlocutory orders.(20) Moreover, the exceptions to the final judgment rule that do exist have stringent requirements that restrict their application to a limited set of circumstances.(21) Thus, it has been extremely difficult for litigants to gain an immediate appeal of a class certification order.
The state's agreement to allow the magistrate judge to resolve the case on the merits thus covered Coby too, and allowed it to ratify the interlocutory order dismissing him.
'This is only an interlocutory order. This does not apply to shipments that arrived or were contracted for transit after MC's receipt of Notice of Suspension,' the BOC said.
Initially, a party seeking to appeal an interlocutory order must first look to the substance of the order.
The district court issued an interlocutory order that found compliance with the HSC unnecessary because the Iowa civil procedure rules define the applicable method of serving process abroad.
Second, the trial judge may correct an incorrect interlocutory order later in the trial, again making any appeal on that issue unnecessary.