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Related to Internal thoracic artery: musculophrenic artery, Lateral thoracic artery, Posterior intercostal artery, Anterior intercostal arteries
References in periodicals archive ?
Abnormal origin of internal thoracic artery from the thyrocervical trunk: surgical considerations.
Histology and morphology of 59 internal thoracic artery grafts and their distal anastomoses.
A quantitative study of postoperative luminal narrowing of the internal thoracic artery graft in coronary artery bypass grafting.
Several cases have been reported in which the SAN artery does not arise in the right aortic sinus (20) or originates in a bronchial artery or directly from the internal thoracic artery (21).
The use of left internal thoracic artery (LITA) as a bypass conduit is associated with the highest long term patency rate and greater life expectancy with respect to saphenous vein (SV) and radial artery grafts after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (1).
Use of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafts is associated with improved long-term survival (1), reduced incidence of recurrent angina, and decreased cardiac events compared with patients receiving only left internal thoracic artery (LITA) graft (2, 3).

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