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Interpol is the acronym for the International Criminal Police Organization. It is an international organization of police forces from 176 countries designed to coordinate International Law enforcement. Interpol furthers mutual aid and cooperation among the police forces of its national members in order to prevent and inhibit crime.

Interpol was established in 1923, with the General Secretariat—the international headquarters—located in Lyons, France. Delegates from member countries meet once a year to discuss police problems and admit new members. Each member nation maintains and staffs its own national central bureau. In the United States, the bureau is located in Washington, D.C. The U.S. bureau is under the direction and control of the Departments of Justice and of the Treasury, and is staffed by personnel from those departments.

The General Secretariat is supported by membership dues. Its budget is based on the Swiss franc, since that is a stable currency. Approximately five percent of the total budget is paid by the United States.

Interpol is forbidden by its constitution to undertake any intervention or activities of a political, military, religious, or racial character. Each national central bureau coordinates and responds to inquiries received from local and foreign law enforcement agencies. Each bureau also arranges for resolutions adopted by Interpol to be applied at the national level, and works to ensure that the basic principles laid down by Interpol's constitution are followed. National central bureaus are linked electronically to the Interpol General Secretariat's main database in Lyons.

The organization uses a system of international notices (circulars) to inform peace officers in the national bureaus of cases where known criminals abandon their usual residence and travel abroad surreptitiously. The color coded circulars are distributed by Interpol Headquarters to member countries within twenty days of their issue, or, in urgent cases, the same day. In the case of a fugitive whose arrest is requested and whose Extradition is likely, a wanted notice containing details of the arrest warrant and the offense committed is circulated.

In addition, Interpol conducts investigations of criminal activities, including drug trafficking, Terrorism, counterfeiting, Smuggling, Organized Crime, and new forms of economic crime. It conducts criminal history checks for visa and import permits and traces vehicle registration and ownership. Interpol also performs humanitarian services such as locating missing persons and providing notification of serious illness or death.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


International Criminal Police Organization, an association of over 100 national police forces, devoted chiefly to fighting international crime.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
HE the Prime Minister and Minister of Interior Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa al-Thani holding talks with the Secretary-General of the International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol) Dr Jurgen Stock and Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime ( UNODC) Yury Fedotov on the sidelines of the first Qatar International Anti-Drug Forum, in Doha, yesterday.
Annual conference Royal Oman Police officials participated in the ninth annual conference of heads of National Central Bureaus, which was recently held at FAO headquarters of the International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol).
The International Criminal Police Organisation Interpol (Interpol) arrested in London Sediq Chakari, who allegedly received bribes from a private airline that flew Afghan pilgrims to Saudi Arabia.
Earlier, the International Criminal Police Organisation donated 3,000 DNA testing kits for the identification of bodies.
The International Criminal Police Organisation, commonly referred to as Interpol, on Sunday blocked all attempts launched by Islamabad to issue arrest warrants against Pakistan's former ambassador to the United States (US) Husain Haqqani.Earlier Interpol had refused to honour warrants against Haqqani issued by the Supreme Court of Pakistan (SCP) on the grounds that charges against him were political.
'In addition, the PDRM (Royal Malaysia Police) have also contacted the Interpol (International Criminal Police Organisation) and the authorities in several Asian nations to locate them, in the event they had fled to those neighbouring countries,' he told a press conference at the Bukit Aman federal police headquarters here today.
Senior Arab security officials, representatives of the Arab League, the International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol), The United Nations Office on Drugs, Crime and Terrorism Prevention, Nayef University of Security Sciences and Arab Police Sports Federation attended.
Summary: The International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol) has announced that the UAE is the first country in the Middle East to acquire membership of the organisation on Disaster Victim Identification.
The Royal Oman Police represented by the Directorate General of Inquiries and Criminal Investigation, in cooperation with the International Criminal Police Organisation, organised a workshop on the Interpol draft to combat maritime piracy.
The International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol) had been working with Kenyan and Tanzanian authorities to trace him."My covert team whom I put in place a week ago following week-long planning, intelligence collection and silent coordination, managed to arrest the suspect," Mr Kinoti said.
ISLAMABAD: Interpol, an international criminal police organisation, has issued a certificatestating that former chief of Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB) Asif Hashmi is not wanted by the international police, asreported by a local English daily.A certificate issued by the office of legal affairs of ICPO-Interpol on December 8, states: "The General Secretariat of the International Criminal Police Organisation-Interpol hereby certifies that as of today, Hashmi Syed Asif Akhter [his original name on the official documents] born on 22 September 1953, is not subject to an Interpol Red Notice or diffusion and is not known in Interpol's databases.
Federal police and the International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol) have been roped in to investigate the abduction as alleged by Alum's Argentinian mother Elizabeth Avalos, 27, who held a news conference in Kuala Lumpur on Wednesday on the matter.

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