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Interpol is the acronym for the International Criminal Police Organization. It is an international organization of police forces from 176 countries designed to coordinate International Law enforcement. Interpol furthers mutual aid and cooperation among the police forces of its national members in order to prevent and inhibit crime.

Interpol was established in 1923, with the General Secretariat—the international headquarters—located in Lyons, France. Delegates from member countries meet once a year to discuss police problems and admit new members. Each member nation maintains and staffs its own national central bureau. In the United States, the bureau is located in Washington, D.C. The U.S. bureau is under the direction and control of the Departments of Justice and of the Treasury, and is staffed by personnel from those departments.

The General Secretariat is supported by membership dues. Its budget is based on the Swiss franc, since that is a stable currency. Approximately five percent of the total budget is paid by the United States.

Interpol is forbidden by its constitution to undertake any intervention or activities of a political, military, religious, or racial character. Each national central bureau coordinates and responds to inquiries received from local and foreign law enforcement agencies. Each bureau also arranges for resolutions adopted by Interpol to be applied at the national level, and works to ensure that the basic principles laid down by Interpol's constitution are followed. National central bureaus are linked electronically to the Interpol General Secretariat's main database in Lyons.

The organization uses a system of international notices (circulars) to inform peace officers in the national bureaus of cases where known criminals abandon their usual residence and travel abroad surreptitiously. The color coded circulars are distributed by Interpol Headquarters to member countries within twenty days of their issue, or, in urgent cases, the same day. In the case of a fugitive whose arrest is requested and whose Extradition is likely, a wanted notice containing details of the arrest warrant and the offense committed is circulated.

In addition, Interpol conducts investigations of criminal activities, including drug trafficking, Terrorism, counterfeiting, Smuggling, Organized Crime, and new forms of economic crime. It conducts criminal history checks for visa and import permits and traces vehicle registration and ownership. Interpol also performs humanitarian services such as locating missing persons and providing notification of serious illness or death.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


International Criminal Police Organization, an association of over 100 national police forces, devoted chiefly to fighting international crime.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
The meeting was organized by the General Secretariat of the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) in coordination with the ISF.
His analysis outlines a model of policing of terrorism based on the bureaucratization theory of policing and then applies it to empirical examinations of counterterrorism policing in the US at the federal and local levels, comparatively in some other countries of the world, by the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) and the European Police Office (Europol), in undercover operations by Israel in occupied Palestine, and in the development of civilian policing in Iraq and Afghanistan under American occupation.
The international criminal police organization Interpol said on Thursday it had issued "red notices" for their arrest in any of its 188 member countries.
INTERPOL, the International Criminal Police Organization, says it will not help Iran locate an Achaemenid bas-relief that Tehran claims was stolen and then sold at auction.
The International Criminal Police Organization is better known as what?
Sin is suspected of having abducted Tadaaki Hara in 1980, and has been placed on the International Criminal Police Organization's wanted list at the request of Japan's National Police Agency.
The International Criminal Police Organization, better known as Interpol, held its 73rd General Assembly October 5-8 in Cancun, Mexico.
To me, a "decentralized network" is not the same as, say the World Bank--or the Stylebook's entry following internet: Interpol, "Acceptable for all references for International Criminal Police Organization."
The International Criminal Police Organization, also known as Interpol, issued a "Red Notice" for the arrest of former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori after receiving additional evidence, it said, linking Fujimori to a paramilitary death squad at the beginning of the 1990s.
This means that the central locus of anti-terrorist activity should be the formal instruments of the international community: the United Nations, the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol), the existing war crimes tribunals, and, eventually, the International Criminal Court, which has not been ratified by the United States.
The International Criminal Police Organization asked the Tokyo police to investigate the case in August last year after a person in Germany saw pornographic images posted on the Net by the suspects and reported them to the German police, they said.
In the first conference of its kind, officers from the police forces of the four countries agreed they would each host meetings, for the first time, of the International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO-Interpol), the officials said.

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