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An individual who hires employees or servants to perform services and who directs the manner in which such services are performed.A court officer appointed by a judge to perform such jobs as examining witnesses, taking testimony, computing damages, or taking oaths, affidavits, or acknowledgments of deeds.

A master makes a report of his or her findings to the judge so a decree can be formulated. A master in chancery was an officer in Chancery Court in England. In the U. S. these duties may be rendered by a court clerk, commissioner, auditor, or referee.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) employer, in the area of law known as "master and servant," which more properly should be called employer and employee. 2) a person, supposedly with special expertise, appointed by a judge to investigate a problem (such as whether a parent's home is appropriate for child visitation) and report back to the judge his/her findings and recommendation. (See: master and servant, employment, respondeat superior)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


1 a nearly obsolete term for an EMPLOYER under a contract of employment in the sense of service rather than for services. The law was treated under the title ‘master and servant’ but is now usually collected under the title ‘employment law’, which includes much to do with trade unions. See EMPLOYMENT, UNFAIR DISMISSAL.
2 an officer of the Supreme Court of Judicature subordinate to a judge.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

MASTER. This word has several meanings. 1. Master is one who has control over a servant or apprentice. A master stands in relation to his apprentices, in loco parentis, and is bound to fulfill that relation, which the law generally enforces. He is also entitled to be obeyed by his apprentices, as if they were his children. Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     2.-2. Master is one who is employed in teaching children, known generally as a schoolmaster; as to his powers, see Correction.
     3.-3. Master is the name of an officer: as, the ship Benjamin Franklin, whereof A B is master; the master of the rolls; master in chancery, &c.
     4.-4. By master is also understood a principal who employs another to perform some act or do something for him. The law having adopted the maxim of the civil law, qui facit per alium facit per se; the agent is but an instrument, and the master is civilly responsible for the act of his agent, as if it were his own, when he either commands him to do an act, or puts him in a condition, of which such act is a result, or by the absence of due care and control, either previously in the choice of his agent, or immediately in the act itself, negligently suffers him to do an injury. Story, Ag. Sec. 454, note; Noy's Max. c. 44; Salk. 282; 1 East. R. 106; 1 Bos. & Pul. 404; 2 H. Bl. 267; 5 Barn. & Cr. 547; 2 Taunt. R. 314; 4 Taunt. R. 649; Mass. 364, 385; 17 Mass. 479, 509; 1 Pick. 47 5; 4 Watts, 222; 2 Harr. & Gill., 316; 6 Cowen, 189; 8 Pick. 23; 5 Munf. 483. Vide Agent; Agency; Driver; Servant.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Woman international master, Kgalalelo Botlhole also advanced in fourth place as well as 2016 ladies section winner, woman international master, Onkemetse Francis who was in fifth place.
Samuel spends at least two hours a day studying chess, playing against his father Armen Sevian, 37, and practising over the internet with his coach, international master Andranik Matikozyan, the San Jose Mercury News reported.
Another overnight joint leader -- Russian International Master Nikolay Tolstikh -- signed the peace treaty with Grandmaster Ziaur Rahman of Bangladesh after 35 moves.
Three players finished on six points and they were International Master Mohammed Al Mudaihki of Qatar, UAE's International Master Salem Abdulrahman and Mohammed Haddoush of Algeria.
Unbeknown to them, the attack on TB5 is a deliberate ploy by international master criminal Aristotle Spode.
Three grand masters and six international master players are due to take part in the three-day tournament at King Henry Vlll School in Warwick Road.
International master teacher Pattie Obey received this year's Jazz Dance World Congress Award at the conference, held in August in New York ...
Meanwhile, International Master Daniel Quizon and Woman International Master Marie Antoinette San Diego led individual winners after ruling the College Open and College Women Divisions.
Pascua, Laylo score 1-2 finish in KL chess !-- -- Joey Villar (The Philippine Star) - May 3, 2019 - 12:00am MANILA, Philippines International Master Haridas Pascua drew with countryman IM Oliver Dimakiling in the ninth and final round yesterday to reign supreme in the 46th Selangor Open Chess at the Cititel Midvalley Hotel in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Filipino International Master Paulo Bersamina trounced countryman John Merill Jacutina to join Grandmaster John Paul Gomez and IM Ricky de Guzman inside the top 20 after the eighth and penultimate round of the 17th Asian Continental Chess Championships (Second Manny Pacquiao Cup) Monday night.
The Filipinas used their opening preparation to catch the fancied Spaniards off balance as Woman Fide Master (WFM) Shania Mae Mendoza and Woman International Master (WIM) Bernadette Galas pulled off shock wins over FM Marta Garcia Martin and Woman Grand Master (WGM) Monica Calzetta Ruiz on boards two and four, respectively.
Saleh won over Tunisian International Master (IM) Kamel Njili, while Iordachescu outplayed GM Walter Arencibia of Cuba as both winners posted 5.5 points to set up an all-grandmaster match-up in the seventh round on Monday night.

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