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International Criminal Court (ICC)
the statute of the International Criminal Court was agreed in July 1998. It was adopted in the UK by the International Criminal Court Act 2001. The Statute entered into force on 1 July 2002. This permanent court has jurisdiction over serious international crimes, namely GENOCIDE, CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY, WAR CRIMES and crimes of aggression. The Court's jurisdiction is complementary to that of state parties. States that are not parties to the Convention can also choose the ICC's jurisdiction in particular cases. The ICC has its own independent prosecutor, who is able to institute investigations on his or her own authority as well as to investigate crimes referred by state parties or the United Nations Security Council. It is independent of the United Nations and sits in The Hague.