trade union

(redirected from International union)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia.

Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.

Cross-references

Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sammut, who has led the International Union of Superiors General since 2013, noted in the briefing that in addition to inviting more women religious to the summit than the 2018 synod, the organizers also allowed the union to choose who would represent it.
This merger unites two international unions with complimentary memberships in the United States and Canada.
Those include the Service Employees International Union (SEIU), Local 32BJ, Local 94, International Union of Operation Engineers (IUOE), and other craft groups.
In a presentation before the Supreme Court, it provided scientific studies by International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN), world's leading conservation body, that translocation of these lions to the Kuno Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh is not the right move.
Dr Titawi during the meeting submitted a request to the ministry of foreign affairs that the Sudan host the seat of the union in implementation of the recommendations made during the meetings of the executive office of the union which concluded session Sunday in the presence of the President of the International Union for Journalists, Jim Boumelha.
Since that time, it has negotiated and administered collective bargaining labor contracts with the international unions representing the four crafts of employees involved in pipeline construction: Laborers International Union of North America, International Brotherhood of Teamsters, United Association of Plumbers and Pipefitters, and the International Union of Operating Engineers.
And that could mean a big loss in dues -- Boeing workers in the Puget Sound area paid $25.5 million in dues to the international union in 2012.
In 2005 the California branch of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) nevertheless levied a special fee to fund several political campaigns in California without providing sufficient advance notice to nonmembers, essentially leaving those nonunion workers who did not want to participate with no recourse but to seek a refund of their money after the fact.
Ski facilities in Bulgaria's mountain resort of Bansko have no negative impact on the environment and are not a threat to the extraordinary value of the Pirin National Park as a world heritage site, according to a report of UNESCO's World Heritage Center and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
ASIF IQBAL DOHA THE Qatar Railways Company has joined the International Union of Railways (UIC) during the two-day 10th meeting of the Regional Assembly of Middle East rail networks (RAME) which began in Doha on Monday.
Summary: The head of the International Union of Muslim Scholars, Yusuf al-Qaradawi, voiced his support for presidential hopeful Abdel Moneim Abouel Fotouh, saying he is the best of all the candidates.
The review was conducted by a joint working party of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP).

Full browser ?